Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Error: The VPN client agent was unable to create the interprocess communication depot.

Cisco

stop Internet connection sharing (ICS) service.

Captureser

Try reinstalling Cisco anyconnect. It worked for me

Windows 7 Windows Explorer Keyboard shortcuts

Navigate Windows Explorer More Quickly with These Keyboard Shortcuts

Tip:Navigate Windows Explorer More Quickly with These Keyboard Shortcuts

These special keyboard shortcuts are designed to help you navigate Windows Explorer more easily.

Ctrl+N Open a new window on the same folder.

Ctrl+W Close the current window.

Alt+Up Arrow Go up one level.

Alt+Right Arrow Go forward.

Alt+Left Arrow Go back.

Alt+D Move the focus to the address bar, and select the current path.

F4 Move the insertion point to the address bar, and display the contents of the drop-down list of previous addresses.

Alt+Enter Show properties of the selected file.

Shift+F10 Open the shortcut menu for the current selection (which is the same as a right-click).

F6 Cycle through the following elements: address bar, toolbar, navigation pane, file list, column headings (available in Details view only).

Tab Cycle through the following elements: address bar, search box, toolbar, navigation pane, file list, column headings (available in Details view only).

F11 Toggle full-screen mode.

Ctrl+Shift+N Create a new subfolder in the current folder.

Ctrl+Shift+E Expand navigation pane to the current folder.

Windows 7 Shortcuts: 128 shortcuts

1. Managing ‘Windows’ in Windows 7
 Source: Managing Windows 7 shortcuts Uploaded by bernd, updated on 5/12/2013 by appu
Move and Resize Active Window
Win+Arrow Down Set window to Restored (if Maximized) or Minimized (if Restored)
Win+Arrow Up Maximize window (if Restored)
Win+Shift+Arrow Down/Win+Shift+Arrow Up Maximize Restored window vertically / Restore window to previous state
Win+Arrow Right/Win+Arrow Left Move Restored window to left/center/right. Works across multiple monitors
Win+Shift+Arrow Right/Win+Shift+Arrow Left Move window to left monitor / to right monitor when using multiple monitors
Alt+Space Opens the title bar menu
Alt+Space+Enter Restore Window
Alt+Space+x Maximize Window
Alt+Space+n Minimize Window
F11 Turn full page view on or off
‘Maximized’ means full screen, ‘Restored’ means variable window size, and ‘Minimized’ means minimized to taskbar.
Switch between Applications
Alt+tab, alt+Shift+Tab Cycles through open programs in taskbar. Hold alt and continuously press tab to move forward between applications. Release keys to switch to application selected. Add shift to reverse direction.
Alt+Ctrl+tab, then use arrow keys to select application Cycles through open programs in taskbar without needing to hold alt continuously. Press alt+ctrl+tab once, then continue with arrow keys and press enter on application.
Alt+Esc/Alt+Shift+Esc Cycle through programs on taskbar in the order they were opened or accessed
Win+Tab Cycle through programs using Aero Flip 3D
Ctrl+Win+Tab Cycle through programs on Taskbar using Aero Flip 3D
Win+g Cycle through Gadget Window
Manage Multiple Windows
Win+d Minimize all windows on all Monitors. Press again to restore previous state
Win+m Minimize all windows on current Monitor
Win+Shift+m Restore previously minimized windows on current Monitor
Win+Home Set all windows to Minimized on current Monitor except active
Win+Space Preview Desktop / make windows transparent (May not work with all Settings)
2. Accessing Windows Features
Win+e Start Windows Explorer (in My Computer)
Win+r Open the Run window
Win+f Open Windows Search. f3 on empty desktop works, too.
Win+l Lock the keyboard/ computer
Win+F1 Display Windows Help
Alt+Shift Change keyboard language layout if multiple language layouts are active*
shift when inserting CD or DVD Prevent CD or DVD from automatically playing
Win+p Choose Presentation Display Mode
Win+x Open Mobility Center
* When working with multiple Keyboards Layouts (e.g. Spanish/English/German). Add unlimited Layouts under Regional settings and activate language bar in Taskbar to see current language. Switch with shortcut any time.
3. Windows 7 Taskbar
win or ctrl+Esc Activate Start Button. Then use arrow keys, space and enter to navigate within Start Menu
Win+t Go to first item in taskbar, continue with arrow keys
Win+b Go to first item in system tray
Shift+click on a taskbar item Start new instance of taskbar item
Ctrl+Shift+click on a taskbar item Start new instance of taskbar item as administrator
Shift+right-click on a taskbar item Show the window menu for the program
Win+1…9 Switch to application in position N on taskbar (or launch pinned application)
Shift+Win+1…9 Start new instance of taskbar item in position N on taskbar
Unfortunately, Microsoft removed the possibility to select multiple taskbar items in Windows 7
4. Navigating Desktop
Arrow Keys Navigate between and select single icons on desktop (when focus is on the desktop)
Home/End Select first / select last object on desktop
Enter Launch active icon
Shift+F10 Activate context menu of active icon by simulates right mouse button. Once in the context menu use arrow keys, a-z and enter to select item
tab, shift+tab on empty desktop Navigate between desktop, the quick-launch bar, task bar and notification bar. Then use arrow keys and enter or space to activate specific icons
a, b, c, … Pressing the initial letter of the name of any objects will highlight the respective application or folder. Continue typing the object name if multiple objects start with the same letter
5. Windows Explorer
Basics
Win+e Start Windows Explorer (My Computer)
Alt+Arrow Up Go up one folder
Alt+Arrow Left/Alt+Arrow Right Go to previous folder / go to next folder
Tab/Shift+Tab Switch focus forward/ backward between Address bar, Search Bar, Toolbar, Navigation Pane, and File List (Default is usually File List)
Alt+d or f4 Jump to the Address bar and select absolute address. Copy address with ctrl+c if desired
Ctrl+e or ctrl+f Jump to Search Box in Explorer
Ctrl+n Open new instance of Windows Explorer
F11 Maximize window
Navigate File List and Navigation Pane
Arrow Keys Navigate between files and folders
Enter Open folder or start application
Home/End Jump to first / jump to last item
F2 Change the file name of active item
f2, then arrow left/Arrow Right Move one character to the left / to the right in item name
f2, then ctrl+Arrow Left/Ctrl+Arrow Right Jump one word to the left / to the right of item name
f2, then home /End Jump to beginning / jump to end of item name
f2, then ctrl+a Select complete object name including suffix (default excludes suffix)
Arrow Left/Arrow Right Expand folder / collapse folder (navigation pane only)
File List
Alt+p Display or hide Preview Pane
Alt+v then d View details. Check View menu for more options
Alt+v then x View extra-large icons. Check View menu for more options
Ctrl+mouse scroll wheel Change size of icons
Select Items in File List and Navigation Pane
Shift+Arrow Up/Arrow Down Select multiple adjacent items (directly above or below)
ctrl with arrow keys and space Select multiple non-adjacent items. Hold ctrl, use arrow keys to move to next item, and press space to add/remove from selection
Ctrl+a Select all
a …z and 1..9 Press the initial letter any item to jump to it. Continue typing the full name if multiple items start with the same letter
Manipulate Items in Explorer
Ctrl+c, ctrl+x, ctrl+v ctrl+c for copy, ctrl+x for cut and ctrl+v for paste
Ctrl+z Undo an action
Ctrl+y Redo an action
Delete Delete an item and place it into the Recycle Bin
Shift+Delete Delete an item permanently without placing it into the Recycle Bin
Shift+F10 Activate context menu of active object. Replaces the right mouse button. Once in the context menu use arrow keys, a-z and enter to get to the selection
Ctrl+Shift+n Create new folder
Alt+Enter Open Properties dialog box
6. Photo Viewer
Arrow Left/Arrow Right Go to next / go to previous photo
Ctrl+. Rotate photo clockwise
Ctrl+, Rotate photo counter-clockwise
[+]/- Zoom in / zoom out (or mouse wheel)
Ctrl+0 (zero) Fit to Window
Delete Delete current photo
Shift+Delete Permanently delete current photo
Alt+Enter Show properties of current photo
Alt+e or ctrl+s Email current photo
Ctrl+c Copy current photo file to clipboard
Alt+o Open current photo in other application (e.g. Paint of Office)
7. Dialog Boxes
Ctrl+Tab/Ctrl+Shift+Tab Move forward / move backwards through tabs
Tab/Shift+Tab Move forward / move backwards through options
Alt+underlined letter Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
Enter Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
Space Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow Keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F4 Display the items in the active list
Backspace Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
8. Windows Admin
Admin Tasks
Ctrl+Win+f Search for Computers (with Active Directory activated)
Win+pause/break Display System Properties which holds system properties, computer name, device manager and so on
Ctrl+Shift+Esc Opens Windows Task Manager
Remote Desktop
Alt+Page Up/Alt+Page Down Move between programs from left to right / from right to left
Alt+Insert Cycle through programs in the order that they were started in
Alt+Home Display the Start menu
Ctrl+Alt+pause/break Switch between a window and full screen
Ctrl+Alt+End Display the Windows Security dialog box
Alt+Delete Display the system menu
9. Windows Help
Tab Move between links
Alt+c Display the Table of Contents
Alt+n Display the Connection Settings menu
F10 Display the Options menu
Alt+Arrow Left/Alt+Arrow Right Move back / move forward to the previously/ next viewed topic
Alt+a Display the customer support page
Alt+Home Display the Help and Support home page
Home/End Move to the beginning / to the end of a topic
Ctrl+f Search the current topic. Press tab to leave
Ctrl+p Print a topic
F3 Move the cursor to the search box. Press tab to leave
10 Ease of Access and Magnifier
Ease of Access
Win+u Open Ease of Access Center
Press shift five times. Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Press num lock for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Right shift for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on or off
left alt + left shift +Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
left alt + left shift + prtScn Turn High Contract on or off (Careful, will change theme!)
Magnifier
Win+[+] Start Magnifier and zoom in
Win+- Zoom out with Magnifier active
Ctrl+Alt+i Invert colors in Magnifier display
Win+Esc Exit Magnifier
Ctrl+Alt+Arrow Keys Move the Magnifier windows

Windows 7 Shortcuts: 20 Essential Shortcuts

Source: Microsoft Windows website

20 essential PC shortcuts

I’ve always liked that Windows gives me multiple ways to perform popular tasks. Say you want to print something. You could go to the File menu and select the Print command, or you can press the Ctrl button and the letter P. Ctrl+P is just one example of a keyboard shortcut. Shortcuts combine two or more keys to do something special that neither key does alone.

I prefer to use shortcuts whenever possible. It’s kind of amazing how much time you can save by cutting out mouse clicks. Here are my top 20 shortcuts that you might not know about—but should.

Get to know the basics

There are certain shortcuts I use all day, every day. They work whether I’m doing stuff with photos, music, documents, or spreadsheets.

  • Copy a selected item: Ctrl+C
  • Cut a selected item: Ctrl+X
  • Paste a selected item: Ctrl+V
  • Undo an action: Ctrl+Z
  • Redo that thing I just undid: Ctrl+Y
  • Select everything: Ctrl+A
  • Print: Ctrl+P

Manage open windows

Chances are, you use your PC to do a lot of things at once. Shortcuts go a long way towards cutting the clutter. Go ahead and try these out as you read about them.

  • Switch between open windows Alt+Tab
  • If you have lots of open windows and you’re not sure exactly which one you need, press Alt+Tab, and get a quick thumbnail view of all open windows. Then, while holding down the Alt key, press the Tab key multiple times until you get to the window you want.

Press Alt+Tab to switch between open windows

  • Clear away everything and show the desktop Windows logo key +D

Use this shortcut when you want to minimize a lot of open windows at once to check something on your desktop. Clutter-to-clean with two fingers.

A desktop before pressing Windows logo key+D

The same desktop after pressing Windows logo key+D

  • Minimize the window Windows logo key +Down Arrow

Minimizing a window is a surefire way to see what’s underneath it. And it’s fast to use the shortcut. If the window is maximized already (covering the entire screen) it’ll go to “normal” size. And if it’s normal size, it’ll minimize entirely.

  • Maximize the window Windows logo key +Up Arrow

Maximizing windows works the same way.

Get even funkier with window management

It might surprise you to learn that there are even more options when it comes to dealing with your open windows and programs—but there are.

  • Compare and contrast in a snap Windows logo key +Left Arrow or Right Arrow

Snap is the easiest way I know to compare two documents—or to write up something while also looking at a web browser. The shortcut for Snap makes it even snappier. Go ahead and try this now.

While pressing the Windows logo key , click the Right Arrow key or the Left Arrow key and your browser will slide over to one side. Select another window (such as a Word document) and use the shortcut only with the opposite arrow.

You can use a keyboard shortcut to view windows side-by-side with Snap

  • Multitask with multiple monitors Windows logo key +Shift+Right Arrow or Left Arrow

Do you use more than one monitor at a time? Now you can shift an open window to your other monitor in less than a second.

Manage tasks

You might already be using a shortcut—Ctrl+Alt+Delete—to open up Task Manager or to lock your computer. But there are shortcuts for this shortcut.

  • Open Task Manager Ctrl+Shift+Esc
  • This simple shortcut whisks you straight to Task Manager—without any intermediary steps.

Task Manager in Windows 7

  • Lock your PC or switch users Windows logo key +L

This shortcut locks your PC and instantly displays the login screen.

Display your way

No matter how you want to view your PC, shortcuts help you get there faster.

  • Choose a presentation display mode Windows logo key +P

Whether you’re giving a presentation or are using multiple monitors, it’s simple to switch settings.

Choosing a presentation display mode

  • Zoom in, zoom out Windows logo key +Plus Sign or Minus Sign

The Plus Sign key (+) zooms you in, the Minus Sign key (-) zooms you out. This lets you see small text on a webpage or to check out the pixels in a photo.

You can use your keyboard to zoom in on a photo detail

A few last tricks

Here are a few final shortcuts. For more keyboard shortcuts, check out the complete list.

  • Search for files and folders Windows logo key +F

In the past, finding a file could be like an archaeology expedition. But nowadays, search is really fast and thorough. Use this shortcut to get a search window, type in a few keywords, and presto, you’ll get your file.

  • Open a new instance of a program Windows logo key +Shift+Click a taskbar icon

I like Internet Explorer tabs—but sometimes I want a whole new browser window. To get one, I click the Internet Explorer icon while holding down Shift.

  • And when you need it …get help Windows logo key +F1

It’s the simplest shortcut out there. When all else fails, and you’re just not sure what to do, press F1.

Microsoft KMS Activation Technology

Source ss64,com, MSBlog

Office Deployment Support Team Blog

How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances

Source: TheWindowsClub.com written by View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS

View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS with slmgr.vbs

slmgr – Software Licensing Management Tool | Windows CMD | SS64.com

External articles: WindowsITPro.com

slmgr.vbs (Windows7/2008)

Software Licensing Management Tool. Windows Activation and Key Management Service (KMS)

Syntax
      slmgr [MachineName [Username Password]] [Option]
Key
  machinename   The machine to administer, by default the current local machine.

  username      An administrator equivalent user account for the remote computer.

  password      The password for the user account on the remote computer.

   /ato   Activate Windows license and product key against Microsoft's server.

   /atp Confirmation_ID   Activate Windows with user-provided Confirmation ID 

   /ckms  Clear the name of KMS server used to default and port to default.

   /cpky  Clear product key from the registry (prevents disclosure attacks)

   /dli   Display the current license information with activation
          status and partial product key.

   /dlv   Verbose, similar to -dli but with more information.

   /dti   Display Installation ID for offline activation

   /ipk Key  Enter a new product key supplied as xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx 

   /ilc License_file   Install license

   /rilc               Re-install system license files

   /rearm Reset the evaluation period/licensing status and activation state of the machine

   /skms activationservername:port 
          Set the Volume Licensing KMS server and/or the port used for KMS activation
          (where supported by your Windows edition)

   /skhc  Enable KMS host caching (default), this blocks the use of DNS priority and
          weight after the initial discovery of a working KMS host.
          If the system can no longer contact the working KMS host, discovery will be attempted again.

   /ckhc  Disable KMS host caching. This setting instructs the client to use DNS auto-discovery
          each time it attempts KMS activation (recommended when using priority and weight)

   /sai interval 
          Sets the interval in minutes for unactivated clients to attempt KMS connection.
          The activation interval must be between 15 minutes and 30 days, although the default (2 hours)
          is recommended.
          The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS
          setting after the first KMS response has been received.

   /sri interval
          Sets the renewal interval in minutes for activated clients to attempt KMS connection.
          The renewal interval must be between 15 minutes and 30 days.
          This option is set initially on both the KMS server and client sides.
          The default is 10080 minutes (7 days).

   /spri  Set the KMS priority to normal (default).
   /cpri  Set the KMS priority to low.
          Use this option to minimize contention from KMS in a co-hosted environment.
          Note that this could lead to KMS starvation, depending on what other applications
          or server roles are active. Use with care.

   /sprt port
          Sets the port on which the KMS host listens for client activation requests. The default TCP port is 1688.

   /sdns  Enable DNS publishing by the KMS host (default).
   /cdns  Disable DNS publishing by the KMS host.

   /upk   Uninstall current installed product key and return license status back to trial state.

   /xpr   Show the expiry date of current license (if not permanently activated)

Token-based activation:
   /lil   List the installed token-based activation issuance licenses.

   /ril ILID ILvID
	       Remove an installed token-based activation issuance license.

   /stao  Set the Token-based Activation Only flag, disabling automatic KMS activation.
   /ctao  Clear the Token-based Activation Only flag (default), enabling automatic KMS activation.
   /ltc   List valid token-based activation certificates that can activate installed software.
   /fta Certificate Thumbprint [PIN]
          Force token-based activation using the identified certificate.
          The optional personal identification number (PIN) is provided to unlock the private
          key without a PIN prompt when using certificates that are protected by hardware
          (for example, smart cards).

All actions (other than displaying status) require elevated administrator privileges.
Slmgr.vbs script is not intended to work across platforms i.e. between Vista and Windows 7

Examples

C:> cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs wkstn64 administrator pa55w0rd1 -dli

C:> cscript slmgr.vbs -skms 192.168.10.1:8090

C:> cscript slmgr.vbs -skms KMSServer:8090

“One resolution I have made, and try always to keep, is this: To rise above little things” ~ John Burroughs

Related:

SLUI – Software Licensing (Windows Activation) SLUI.exe 3 XXXXX.XXXXXX.XXXXXX.XXXXX
Activation Error Codes – TechNet
CERTREQ – Request certificate from a certification authority
WINVER – Display Licence Activation status
Q921471 – Activation fails when you try to activate Windows Vista, Windows 7…
PERMS – Show permissions for a user
SYSTEMINFO – List system configuration

Source: Windows Server 2012 KMS Service Activation | Working Hard In IT

Edited with additional notes and re-post of a MS Blog article.

// //

// // // <![CDATA[
var amznKeys = amznads.getKeys();
if (typeof amznKeys != “undefined” && amznKeys != “”) { for (var i =0; i // // // // //

Now we have the Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 OS in my environment and Volume Licenses, I will need to update our KMS Server to the latest version.In our case it is running on Windows Server 2008 R2.

Install the following update: An update is available for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 KMS hosts to support Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 as described in KB2691586. This is also the place where you can request this hotfix.  If you don’t install this hotfix registering a Windows Server 2012  KMS will throw an Error: 0xC004F050 The Software Licensing Service reported that the product key is invalid

Request the hotfix and install it from an elevated command prompt.

image

Once you’ve clicked OK the installation will start

image

After that’s finished you will be asked to restart the server. Do so. Just restarting the KMS service (“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) doesn’t suffice.

image

Now we have that out the way we can start putting our brand new KMS key into action.

Let’s take a look at what is already running:

slmgr.vbs /dlv => clearly the Windows 2008 R KMS key
image

Uninstall the current KMS key using slmgr.vbs /upk, please use an elevated command prompt

image

Now you can install the new KMS key.

slmgr.vbs /ipk xxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxxx-xxxxx

image

Now activate your brandnew KMS key running slmgr.vbs /ato

image

Show what’s up and running now by running slmgr.vbs /dlv again and as you can see we’re in business to activate all our Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 hosts.

image

Notes:

SLMGR /UPK may be necessary in some organisations. Without this the new key wouldn’t activate.

 

The KMS key activates:
•Windows Server 2008 R2
•Windows Server 2008
•Windows 8
•Windows Server 2012
•Windows 7
•Windows Vista

There is no requirement to have any W2K12/Windows 8. So it doesn’t matter, you can do that update, never even install a new KMS activation key and even if you do never activate any Windows Server 2012 / Windows 8. Even if that counter is reset doens’t matter either. The moment you reach the required number it just starts counting again.There is nothing dangerous or magic about that counter bar from people’s tendency to sit around watching it count. KMS if done well is set en forget until a new OS arrives and that you just update the KMS host. Nothing to worry about and if you have Volume Licensing so Microsoft support will help you when in doubt. KMS is loose that you could blow it up and take weeks to set up a new one, meanwhile
the company will keep running. All of this very well documented http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793418.aspx and here’s the entry point for all Volume activation info http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff719787.aspx

 

Server VL VOLUME_KMS_2012_C_channel activates:

Windows Vista Business
Windows Vista Enterprise
Windows 7 Professional
Windows 7 Enterprise
Windows 8 Professional
Windows 8 Enterprise
Windows 2008 (all editions)
Windows 2008 R2 (all editions)
Windows Server 2012 (all editions)

Activation on the Enterprise client machines- Open cmd prompt and enter: slmgr.vbs /ato

 How to install the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 – Office Deployment Support Team Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

How to install the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012

Source: Office Deployment Support Team Blog
by Eric Ellis
1/7/2013 UPDATE: The “Product activation failed” error that can occur when attempting to perform a phone activation of an Office 2010 KMS host installed on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 machines has been addressed in the latest release of the KeyManagementServiceHost*.exe file, which can be found in the link below.12/4/2012 UPDATE: This issue has been addressed in the latest version of the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack, which can be found at the link below.

Microsoft is working on an update for the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack which will allow it to be successfully installed on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 machines.

All of the steps below are no longer required as of 1/7/2013. See related note above in red, bold text.

In the meantime, the following steps can be used to work around the issue:

1) Download the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=169244)
2) Run the downloaded KeyManagementServiceHost.exe file to extract files that it contains. Ignore the “Unsupported operating system” error that occurs and click OK.
3) Press the Enter key to close the command window that is related to cscript.exe.
3) Browse to the %programfiles% or %programfiles(x86)% folder and navigate to the MSECacheOfficeKMS subfolder. If you installed the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on a 64-bit operating system, %programfiles% is the Program Files (x86) folder.
4) Rename the existing kms_host.vbs file to kms_host.old
5) Download the kms_host.zip file from the Office Deployment Support Team’s SkyDrive share at http://sdrv.ms/RiZ8Q9.
6) Extract the kms_host.vbs file from the zip file and place a copy of it in the %programfiles(x86)%MSECacheOfficeKMS or %programfiles%MSECacheOfficeKMS folder.

7) From an elevated command-prompt navigate to the %programfiles(x86)%MSECacheOfficeKMS or %programfiles%MSECacheOfficeKMS folder and run the following command:

cscript kms_host.vbs

7) If the KMS host machine has Internet connectivity, click Yes to enter the Office KMS host product key and activate online. Otherwise, click No, and press Enter to close the command window.

Open an elevated command prompt and run the following command line to check the installation, licensing state, and current status of the Office KMS host:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

See the following articles for additional information related to Office KMS host installation, activation, and troubleshooting:

Deploy volume activation of Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624357.aspx

Troubleshoot volume activation for Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624355.aspx

Office Deployment Support Team Blog, “Office 2010 KMS installation and troubleshooting”
http://blogs.technet.com/b/odsupport/archive/2010/06/01/office-2010-kms-installation-and-troubleshooting.aspx

Source: Windows Blogs

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// ]]>// // // // How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances – Office Deployment Support Team Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

External MS Blog post

How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances

 Eric Ellis [MSFT] Eric Ellis [MSFT]
When troubleshooting KMS configuration and activation issues, our customers are often surprised to find unexpected Windows or Office KMS hosts in their environment.By default, Windows and Office clients discover KMS hosts via DNS and a related _vlmcs SRV record. To determine whether a KMS client can locate a KMS host and/or whether undesired KMS hosts exist on the network, run a command line similar to the following:

nslookup -type=srv _vlmcs._tcp >%temp%kms.txt

Review the kms.txt file. It should contain one or more entries similar to the following:

_vlmcs._tcp.contoso.com                            SRV service location:
priority       = 0
weight       = 0
port            = 1688
svr hostname   = kms-server.contoso.com

Running this nslookup command frequently reveals _vlmcs SRV entries which are tied to unauthorized Windows or Office KMS hosts.

In many cases, Windows KMS hosts may have been unintentionally set up by users who mistakenly entered a KMS host product key, rather than a Windows client product key. To remedy this issue, perform the following steps on the machine(s) in question, to replace the KMS product group key and “convert” it to a KMS or MAK client:

1) Open an elevated command prompt.
2) Run a command similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /ipk xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx   (where xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx is a 25 digit, Windows product key)

3) To prevent instability in the license service, the system should be restarted or the Software Protection Service should be restarted. The following command lines can be used to restart the Software Protection Service:

net stop sppsvc
net start sppsvc

4) Run a command line similar to the following to display the license information for the installed, active Windows edition:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dli

5) Using DNS Manager, in the appropriate forward lookup zone, delete the _vlmcs SRV records that exist for each machine which is not to serve as a Windows KMS host.
6) See the following articles for additional information:

Slmgr.vbs Options
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793433.aspx

Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Customer Hosted Volume Activation Guide / Deploying KMS Activation
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793409.aspx

Unintentional creation of an Office KMS host is less common, because setting up an Office KMS requires a specific product key and the installation of the Microsoft Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack.

To determine whether a machine has the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack installed and is an active Office KMS host, run a command line similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

The output of a machine which has the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack installed will resemble the following. Key items are “Partial Product Key: GB7AH” and “License Status: Licensed“, which indicate that the Office 2010 KMS host key is successfully installed and activated.

Name: Microsoft Office 2010, KMSHost edition
Description: Microsoft Office 2010 KMS, VOLUME_KMS channel
Activation ID: bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864
Application ID: 59a52881-a989-479d-af46-f275c6370663
Extended PID: 55041-00096-199-000004-03-1033-7600.0000-3632009
Installation ID: 008523674214771124199799184000850026888810090415321136
Processor Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88342
Machine Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88343
Use License URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88345
Product Key Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88344
Partial Product Key: GB7AH
License Status: Licensed
Remaining Windows rearm count: 1
Trusted time: 10/16/2011 2:07:42 PMKey Management Service is enabled on this computer
Current count: 0
Listening on Port: 1688
DNS publishing enabled
KMS priority: Normal

Perform the following steps to remove an Office KMS host in your environment:

1) Open an elevated command prompt.
2) Run a command similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /upk bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

 CAUTION: If the above command line is run without the Office activation ID (“bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864”), all installed product keys are uninstalled, including those for Windows.

3) Run following command line again, to check the status of the Office KMS host:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

4) If the Office KMS host product key has been removed, the output will be similar to that below. Key items are “This license is not in use” and “License Status: Unlicensed“.

Name: Microsoft Office 2010, KMSHost edition
Description: Microsoft Office 2010 KMS, VOLUME_KMS channel
Activation ID: bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864
Application ID: 59a52881-a989-479d-af46-f275c6370663
Extended PID:
Installation ID:
Processor Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88342
Machine Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88343
Use License URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88345
Product Key Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88344
This license is not in use.
License Status: Unlicensed
Remaining Windows rearm count: 1
Trusted time: 8/16/2011 7:49:23 AM

5) Using DNS Manager, in the appropriate forward lookup zone, delete the _vlmcs SRV records that exist for each machine which is not to serve as an Office KMS host.
6) See the following articles for additional information:

Deploy volume activation of Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624357.aspx

Troubleshoot volume activation for Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624355.aspx

Source Office IT Blog: Migrate an Office 2013 KMS host from the command line or the UI

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// ]]>// // // // // // Migrate an Office 2013 KMS host from the command line or the UI – Office IT Pro Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

You can find the basics for Office KMS host migration at  Migrate an Office 2010 KMS host. For Office 2013, there is a new Microsoft Office 2013
KMS Host License Pack
and activation ID. And if the migrated Office 2013 KMS host will be running on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012, you can also set
up and activate the KMS host by using the Windows UI.To migrate an Office 2013 KMS host

1. Uninstall the Office 2013 KMS host key by running the following command:

cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /upk 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

2. Delete the record from the Domain Name System (DNS):

a. Open the DNS console.

b. Expand the _tcp node under domain.com.

c. Delete the _VLMCS record.

After you do this, the Office 2013 KMS host is uninstalled.

3. On the Microsoft Office 2013 KMS Host License Pack website, download and then run office2013volumelicensepack_en-us_x86.exe on the new server.
You are then prompted to enter the product key, and the Office 2013 KMS host will try to become activated. If the activation fails, do the following:

a. On the new server, re-install the product key for the Office 2013 KMS host by running the following command from an elevated prompt:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /ipk [ProductKey]

b. Activate the Office 2013 KMS host by running the following command from an elevated prompt:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /ato 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

Note: For a complete list of slmgr.vbs commands for Office KMS host activation, see Prepare and configure the Office KMS host.

4. After activation is complete, restart the Software Licensing Service and verify in the DNS that the record is created for the new KMS host server. For more information about how to configure DNS for the KMS host, see Understanding KMS.

5. To verify that the Office 2013 KMS host is configured correctly, check the KMS activation request count to see whether it is increasing. On the KMS host,
the current count is displayed when you run the following command:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /dlv 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

You can also check the Key Management Service log in the Applications and Services Logs folder, which is where activation requests from KMS clients are recorded, for the 12290 events. Each event displays the name of the computer and the time-stamp of the activation request.

To activate an Office 2013 KMS host that is running on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012, you can also use the Windows UI. For more information, see Volume activation methods in Office 2013 and Volume Activation Overview.

 

View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS with slmgr.vbs

Source: TheWindowsClub.com written by

Anand Khanse aka HappyAndyK is an end-user Windows enthusiast, a Microsoft MVP in Windows, since 2006, and the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com. Please create a System Restore Point before trying out any software & be careful about any third-party offers while installing freeware. Add me on Google+.

RECOMMENDED: Click here to fix Windows errors and optimize system performance

Windows Software Licensing Management Tool, slmgr.vbs is a command line licensing tool. It is a visual basic script used to configure licensing in Windows and also helps you see the licensing status of your Windows 7 or Windows 8 installation.

Activation is the initial process by which a Windows running on a PC is determined to be properly licensed and genuine, and it’s really quick and easy. It is different from Registration, in the sense that, Activation is the process of ensuring that your copy of Windows is used according to the Microsoft Software License Terms, whereas registration is the process of entering information to sign up for product support, tools and tips, and other product benefits.

View Licensing Status & Activation ID

To see the licensing status of your Windows 7 or Windows 8 installation, open the Run box, type the following and hit Enter:

slmgr.vbs /dlv

The following dialog box will appear.

To get all the Activation IDs for the installed version of Windows, open the Run box, type the following and hit Enter:

slmgr.vbs /dlv al

Because of WMI changes in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, the Slmgr.vbs script is not intended to work across platforms. Using Slmgr.vbs to manage a Windows 8, Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 system from the Windows Vista operating system is not supported.

If you are looking for more Slmgr.vbs Options visit TechNet.

Troubleshooting Windows 7 Activation States may also interest you!

Go here to find out how to check the activation status & type of Microsoft Office.

Related Posts:

 

Error Codes:

Source: Microsoft Website

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 10 provides troubleshooting help for problems that occur when activating volume editions of Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 operating systems.

Table 10. Error codes and descriptions

Error code Error message Activation type Possible cause Troubleshooting steps
0xC004C001 The activation server determined the specified product key is invalid MAK An invalid MAK was entered. Verify that the key is the MAK provided by Microsoft.Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center to verify that the MAK is valid.
0xC004C003 The activation server determined the specified product key has been blocked MAK The MAK is blocked on the activation server. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center to obtain a new MAK and install/activate the system.
0xC004C008 The activation server reported that the product key has exceeded its unlock limit. KMS The KMS key has exceeded the activation limit. KMS host keys will activate up to 10 times on six different computers. If more activations are necessary, contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004C020 The activation server reported that the Multiple Activation Key has exceeded its limit. MAK The MAK has exceeded the activation limit. MAKs by design have a limited number of activations. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004C021 The activation server reported that the Multiple Activation Key extension limit has been exceeded. MAK The MAK has exceeded the activation limit. MAKs by design have a limited number of activations. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004F009 The Software Protection Service reported that the grace period expired. MAK The grace period expired before the system was activated. Now, the system is in the Notifications state. See the section “User Experience.”
0xC004F00F The Software Licensing Server reported that the hardware ID binding is beyond level the of tolerance. MAK/KMS client/KMS host The hardware has changed or the drivers were updated on the system. MAK: Reactivate the system during the OOT grace period using either online or phone activation.KMS: Restart, or run slmgr.vbs /ato.
0xC004F014 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is not available MAK/KMS client No product keys are installed on the system. Install a MAK product key, or install a KMS Setup key found in sourcesProduct.ini on the installation media.
0xC004F02C The Software Protection Service reported that the format for the offline activation data is incorrect. MAK/KMS client The system has detected that the data entered during phone activation is not valid. Verify that the CID is correctly entered.
0xC004F038 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The count reported by your Key Management Service (KMS) is insufficient. Please contact your system administrator. KMS client The count on the KMS host is not high enough. The KMS count must be ≥5 for Windows Server or ≥25 for Windows client. More computers are needed in the KMS pool for KMS clients to activate. Run Slmgr.vbs /dli to get the current count on the KMS host.
0xC004F039 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The Key Management Service (KMS) is not enabled. KMS client This error occurs when a KMS request is not answered. Troubleshoot the network connection between the KMS host and the client. Make sure that TCP port 1688 (default) is not blocked by a firewall or otherwise filtered.
0xC004F041 The Software Licensing Service determined that the Key Management Service (KMS) is not activated. KMS needs to be activated. Please contact system administrator. KMS client The KMS host is not activated. Activate the KMS host with either online or phone activation.
0xC004F042 The Software Protection Service determined that the specified Key Management Service (KMS) cannot be used. KMS client Mismatch between the KMS client and the KMS host. This error occurs when a KMS client contacts a KMS host that cannot activate the client software. This can be common in mixed environments that contain application and operating system-specific KMS hosts, for example.
0xC004F050 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is invalid. KMS, KMS client, MAK This can be caused by a typo in the KMS key or by typing in a Beta key on a Released version of the operating system. Install the appropriate KMS key on the corresponding version of Windows. Check the spelling. If the key is being copied and pasted, make sure that em dashes have not been substituted for the dashes in the key.
0xC004F051 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is blocked. MAK/KMS The product key on the activation server is blocked by Microsoft. Obtain a new MAK/KMS key, install it on the system, and activate.
0xC004F074 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. No Key Management Service (KMS) could be contacted. Please see the Application Event Log for additional information. KMS Client All KMS host systems  returned an error. Troubleshoot errors from each event ID 12288 associated with the activation attempt.
0xC004F06C The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The Key Management Service (KMS) determined that the request timestamp is invalid. KMS client The system time on the client computer is too different from the time on the KMS host. Time sync is important to system and network security for a variety of reasons. Fix this issue by changing the system time on the client to sync with the KMS. Use of a Network Time Protocol (NTP) time source or Active Directory Domain Services for time synchronization is recommended. This issue uses UTP time and is independent of Time Zone selection.
0x80070005 Access denied. The requested action requires elevated privileges. KMS client/MAK/KMS host User Account Control (UAC) prohibits activation processes from running in a non-elevated command prompt. Run slmgr.vbs from an elevated command prompt. Right-click cmd.exe, and then click Run as Administrator.
0x8007232A DNS server failure. KMS host The system has network or DNS issues. Troubleshoot network and DNS.
0x8007232B DNS name does not exist. KMS client The KMS client cannot find KMS SRV RRs in DNS.If a KMS host does not exist on the network, a MAK should be installed. Confirm that a KMS host has been installed and DNS publishing is enabled (default).If DNS is unavailable, point the KMS client to the KMS host by using slmgr.vbs /skms <kms_host_name>.

Optionally, obtain and install a MAK; then, activate the system.

Finally, troubleshoot DNS.

0x800706BA The RPC server is unavailable. KMS client Firewall settings are not configured on the KMS host, or DNS SRV records are stale. Ensure the Key Management Service firewall exception is enabled on the KMS host computer.Ensure that SRV records point to a valid KMS host.

Troubleshoot network connections.

0x8007251D No records found for given DNS query. KMS client The KMS client cannot find KMS SRV RRs in DNS. Troubleshoot network connections and DNS.

See also

 

 

WMI Properties and Methods for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft Website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 12 lists WMI properties and methods for the Software Protection Platform. Software Protection Platform properties are defined in the file %WinDir%System32wbemsppwmi.mof.

Table 12. Software protection platform WMI properties and methods

//properties SoftwareLicensingService Class
Version Version of the Software Protection Service
KeyManagementServiceMachine The name of the KMS host. Returns null if SetKeyManagementServiceMachine has not been called.
KeyManagementServicePort The TCP port used by clients to send KMS activation requests. Returns 0 if SetKeyManagementServicePort has not been called.
IsKeyManagementServiceMachine Indicates whether KMS is enabled on the computer: 0 if false, 1 if true.
VLActivationInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host before the client is licensed.
VLRenewalInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host after the client is licensed.
KeyManagementServiceCurrentCount The count of currently active KMS clients on the KMS host. -1 indicates that the host is not enabled as a KMS or has not received any client licensing requests.
RequiredClientCount The minimum number of clients required to connect to a KMS host in order to enable Volume Licensing.
PolicyCacheRefreshRequired Indicates whether the licensing policy cache needs to be updated: 0=not required, 1=Refresh required.
ClientMachineID The globally unique identifier (GUID) that identifies a KMS client to a KMS host. The client includes this in requests it sends to the KMS.
RemainingWindowsReArmCount Remaining number of times the client can be rearmed successfully.
KeyManagementServiceListeningPort The TCP port the KMS host uses to listen for activation requests.
KeyManagementServiceDnsPublishing Indicates the DNS publishing status of a KMS host: 0=Disabled, 1=Auto-publish enabled (default).
KeyManagementServiceLowPriority Indicates the thread priority status of KMS service: 0=Normal Priority (default), 1=Low priority.
KeyManagementServiceHostCaching Indicates the caching status of KMS host name and port: 0=Caching disabled, 1=Caching enabled (default).
KeyManagementServiceUnlicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=0 (Unlicensed).
KeyManagementServiceLicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=1 (Licensed).
KeyManagementServiceOOBGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=2 (OOBGrace).
KeyManagementServiceOOTGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=3 (OOTGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNonGenuineGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=4 (NonGenuineGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNotificationRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=5 (Notification).
KeyManagementServiceTotalRequests The total count of valid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceFailedRequests The count of invalid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceActivationDisabled Indicates whether the volume activation through KMS is disabled.
//methods SoftwareLicensingService Class
InstallProductKey Installs a product key.
InstallLicense Installs a license.
InstallLicensePackage Installs a license package for the current product.
SetKeyManagementServiceMachine Sets the KMS host name to use for volume activation.
ClearKeyManagementServiceMachine Clears any previously configured KMS host name.
SetKeyManagementServicePort Sets the TCP port used by a client to make requests of a KMS host. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServicePort Clears any previously specified port number.
SetVLActivationInterval The activation frequency, in minutes, of how often KMS clients will contact the KMS host before they become licensed. The frequency must be ≥15 and ≤43,200. An error is returned if the method is called and the computer is not a KMS.
SetVLRenewalInterval The renewal frequency, in minutes, of how often KMS clients will contact the KMS host after they have become licensed. The frequency must be ≥15 and ≤43,200. An error is returned if the method is called and the computer is not a KMS.
ClearProductKeyFromRegistry Clears product key from the registry.
AcquireGenuineTicket Perform online Genuine Validation. Calling this method may change the Genuine status of the computer.
ReArmWindows Resets the licensing status of the computer to OOB Grace (see LicenseStatus).

Note
You must restart the client for the changes to take effect.
RefreshLicenseStatus Updates the licensing status of Windows so that applications have access to current licensing information.
SetKeyManagementServiceListeningPort Sets the TCP port used by a KMS host to listen for activation requests. Applies to KMS hosts only. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServiceListeningPort Clears any previously specified listening port. Applies to KMS hosts only.
DisableKeyManagementServiceDnsPublishing Enable/disable DNS Publishing on a KMS host computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
EnableKeyManagementServiceLowPriority Enable/disable KMS service running with low priority: 0=Disable, 1=Enable.
DisableKeyManagementServiceHostCaching Enable/disable the caching of the KMS host name and port on a volume activation client computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
DisableKeyManagementServiceActivation Enable/disable volume activation through a KMS computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachineName Last discovered KMS host name through DNS.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachinePort Last discovered KMS host port through DNS.
GenerateActiveDirectoryOfflineActivationId Generates an installation ID for use in Active Directory activation using the specified product key.
DepositActiveDirectoryOfflineActivationConfirmation Processes an installation ID, a confirmation ID, and ActivationObjectName to generate and publish the activation object in Active Directory.
DoActiveDirectoryOnlineActivation Performs online activation of Active Directory using a specified product key.
SetVLActivationTypeEnabled Sets the activation method.
ClearVLActivationTypeEnabled Clears previously specified activation method.
//properties SoftwareLicensingProduct Class
ID Product identifier
Name Product name
Description Product description
ApplicationID ID of current product’s application
ProcessorURL Software licensing server URL for the process certificate
MachineURL Software licensing server URL for the binding certificate
ProductKeyURL Software licensing server URL for the product certificate
UseLicenseURL Software licensing server URL for the user license
LicenseStatus License status of this product’s application:0=Unlicensed,

1=Licensed,

2=OOBGrace,

3=OOTGrace,

4=NonGenuineGrace,

5=Notification,

6=ExtendedGrace

LicenseStatusReason A diagnostic code that indicates why a computer is in a specific licensing state.
GracePeriodRemaining Remaining time in minutes before the parent application goes into Notification mode. For volume clients, this is the remaining time before reactivation is required.
EvaluationEndDate The expiration date of this product’s application. After this date, the LicenseStatus will be Unlicensed and cannot be activated.
OfflineInstallationId An identifier for this product’s application that can be used for telephone or offline activation. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
PartialProductKey Last five characters of this product’s key. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
ProductKeyID Product key ID. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
LicenseFamily The family identifier for the SKU used to determine license relationships for add-ons.
LicenseDependsOn The dependency identifier for the family of SKUs used to determine license relationships for add-ons.
LicenseIsAddon Returns True if the product is identified as an add-on license.
VLActivationInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host before the product is licensed.
VLRenewalInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host after the product is licensed.
KeyManagementServiceProductKeyID KMS product key ID. Returns null if not applicable.
KeyManagementServiceMachine The name of the KMS host. Returns null if SetKeyManagementServiceMachine has not been called.
KeyManagementServicePort The TCP port used by clients to send KMS activation requests. Returns 0 if SetKeyManagementServicePort has not been called.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachineName Last discovered KMS host name through DNS.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachinePort Last discovered KMS host port through DNS.
IsKeyManagementServiceMachine Indicates if KMS is enabled on the computer: 1 if true, 0 if false.
KeyManagementServiceCurrentCount The count of currently active KMS clients on the KMS host. -1 indicates that the computer is not enabled as a KMS or has not received any client licensing requests.
RequiredClientCount The minimum number of clients required to connect to a KMS host in order to enable Volume Licensing.
KeyManagementServiceUnlicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=0 (Unlicensed).
KeyManagementServiceLicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=1 (Licensed).
KeyManagementServiceOOBGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=2 (OOBGrace).
KeyManagementServiceOOTGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=3 (OOTGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNonGenuineGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=4 (NonGenuineGrace).
KeyManagementServiceTotalRequests The total count of valid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceFailedRequests The count of failed KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceNotificationRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=5 (Notification).
GenuineStatus Genuine status for this product’s application.
ExtendedGrace Extended grace time in minutes before the parent application becomes unlicensed.
TrustedTime Displays the currently stored trusted time in the system.
DisableKeyManagementServiceHostCaching Enable/disable the caching of the KMS host name and port on a volume activation client computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
VLActivationType Defines the activation type used for the last successful client activation: 1=Active Directory, 2=KMS, 3=Token. If blank, the client was never activated.
VLActivationTypeEnabled Activation type configured for the volume licensing client: 1=Active Directory, 2=KMS, 3=Token. If blank or 0, all activation types are configured.
ADActivationObjectName Name of the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationObjectDN The fully qualified distinguished name of the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationCsvlkPid The CSVLK PID that is in the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationCsvlkSkuId The CSVLK SKU ID that is in the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
// methods SoftwareLicensingProduct Class
UninstallProductKey Uninstalls a product key for the current product.
Activate Activates the current product.
DepositOfflineConfirmationId Activates a product by depositing an Offline Confirmation Identifier for this product when performing telephone or offline activation.
GetPolicyInformationDWord Gets license policy information of type DWORD.
GetPolicyInformationString Gets policy information of type string.
SetKeyManagementServiceMachine Sets the KMS host name to use for volume activation.
ClearKeyManagementServiceMachine Clears any previously configured KMS host name.
SetKeyManagementServicePort Sets the TCP port used by a client to make requests of a KMS host. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServicePort Clears any previously specified port number.
SetVLActivationTypeEnabled Sets the configured activation method for the volume licensing client.
ClearVLActivationTypeEnabled Clears any previously specified activation method configured for the volume licensing client.

See also

 

KMS Activation Timing and Discovery for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

On this page

KMS activation timing

KMS activation timing is controlled by two settings: the Activation and Renewal timers:

  • The KMS Activation Interval determines how often the KMS client attempts activation before it is activated. This value is set on the client by running slmgr.vbs /sai . See the sections “Slmgr.vbs Options” and “Registry Settings” for more information. Once a system contacts a KMS host, the KMS host setting will override the local client setting.
  • The KMS Renewal Interval determines how often the KMS client attempts reactivation with KMS, once it has been activated. This value can be set using slmgr /sri interval. The interval is set in minutes. The default value is 10,080 minutes (7 days). This value can be set on the client but will be overridden by the value that the KMS host provides.

In operation, the KMS client attempts to contact a KMS host on startup and again every Activation Interval minutes upon failure. By default, this happens every two hours. When KMS activation succeeds, the client receives and stores the KMS host’s Renewal Interval, and Windows activates for 180 days. Activation renewal operates as a sliding window, similar to a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) lease. The client is activated for 180 days but still attempts reactivation every Renewal Interval minutes—by default, 7 days. If it succeeds, the 180-day period is reset. If it fails, the system will watch for network changes or other qualifying events to trigger another attempt. After 15 minutes, the system stops monitoring for qualifying events but still attempts every Activation Interval minutes.

KMS discovery search order

When KMS auto-discovery is enabled (default) and KMS host caching is not disabled, KMS clients will use the following order to determine which KMS to use (they will try each step until an activated KMS host with the correct key responds):

  • SKU-specific value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformAppIDSKUIDKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • AppID-specific value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformAppIDKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • Global value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • SKU-specific cached KMS host (This is the cached identity of the host used in the last successful KMS activation.)
  • DNS auto-discovery (weight and priority honored)

If a cached KMS does not respond, discovery is performed.

See also

Activation Policy Values for Volume Activation// // // // // // //

Activation Policy Values for Volume Activation

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 8 lists policy values for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

Table 8. Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 policy values

Element Client value Server value Range
Rearm limit 1000 1000 Not configurable
KMS Client Count Threshold 25 5 Not configurable
KMS Activation duration 180 days 180 days Not configurable
KMS host listening port 1688 1688 Any open TCP port
OOB Grace Not available Not available Not configurable
OOT Grace Not available Not available Not configurable
KMS client reactivation (in minutes) 10,080 minutes(7 days—default) 10,080 minutes(7 days—default) 15–43,200 minutes(30 days—default)
Silent KMS retry interval—occurs on KMS activation failure 120 minutes 120 minutes 15–43,200 minutes(120 minutes—default)

Registry Settings for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft Website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Registry settings

Table 3 describes the registry settings that Volume Activation supports.

Table 3. Registry settings

Value Type Description Scope
Registry subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatform
ActivationAlternateURL REG_SZ Optionally contains an administrator-provided URL. If this key is populated, some activation dialog boxes will include a new link — Learn About Activation Online — that opens in the default browser. All
DisableDnsPublishing REG_DWORD Set this to a non-zero value to block auto-publishing to DNS by the KMS host. KMS
DnsDomainPublishList REG_MULTI_SZ Format: domain_name, <priority>, <weight>Optionally contains a list of fully qualified domains that KMS uses to auto-publish its DNS service (SRV) record. The KMS home domain is always used, so it is not necessary to include it here. This depends on the DisableDnsPublishing value.

The priority and weight parameters are optional. If not supplied, these are set to 0 in the SRV record.

KMS
EnableKmsLowPriority REG_DWORD Set this to a non-zero value to minimize contention from KMS in a co-hosted environment. Note that on a busy system, this can prevent the KMS host from maintaining a sufficient count. KMS
KeyManagementServiceListeningPort REG_SZ Set this on the KMS host to force KMS to listen on the TCP port specified. The host uses TCP port 1688 if this value is not specified. KMS
KeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ Set this value to force the use of a specific KMS host by the KMS client. No default.If you specify both App-ID and SKU-ID, this is created in a subkey under which the value is stored:..SoftwareProtectionPlatformAPPID_GUIDSKUID_GUID KeyManagementServiceName

If you specify only App-ID, SKU-ID is not allowed, and the resulting key is: ..SoftwareProtectionAPPID_GUID KeyManagementServiceName

If you specify neither App-ID nor SKU-ID, the resulting key is: ..SoftwareProtectionPlatform

KMS client
KeyManagementServicePort REG_SZ Set this to force the use of a specific TCP port by the KMS client when it communicates with a KMS. The client uses port 1688 if this value is not specified. KMS client
KeyManagementServiceVersion REG_SZ Set this for Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2005 automatic discovery of the KMS. Delete this value if the KMS is no longer functional on the computer. KMS
UserOperations REG_DWORD This value does not exist by default, and the default is 0, which requires elevation. Create this value and set it to 1 to enable standard users to install product keys and activate and rearm computers without requiring elevation.This setting can also be configured by GPOs, which are stored under the policies registry subkey. All (not just KMS)
VLActivationInterval REG_DWORD This is set initially on both KMS server and client sides. The default is 120 minutes (2 hours). The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS setting after it receives the first KMS response. The minimum value is 15 minutes, and the maximum is 43,200 minutes (30 days). KMS Client and Server
VLRenewalInterval REG_DWORD This is set initially on both KMS server and client sides. The default is 10,080 minutes (7 days). The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS setting after it receives the first KMS response. As a result, the client-side setting will never be used. The minimum value is 15 minutes, and the maximum is 43,200 minutes (30 days). KMS Client and Server
(APP-ID)(SKU-ID)VLActivationType REG_DWORD Limits the type of activation to a single type.1 = Active Directory activation only

2 = KMS activation only

3 = Token activation only

0, blank, or values other than 1-3 = all activation types allowed (default value)

[???]
Registry subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformActivation
Manual REG_DWORD 0 = Allow automatic online activation (default)1 = Disable auto-activation MAK and KMS host but not KMS client

See also

Source: WorkingHardInIT.Wordpress.com 

It’s a great day as Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 bits have gone GA (“General Availability”). So it’s of to the Volume License Servicing Center to get the bits and the keys.

Before we start the roll out we need to either bring up a Windows Server 2012 R2 (or Windows 8.1) KMS host or upgrade the existing one that runs Windows Server 2012 or lower. In this example our KMS Service is running on Windows Server 2008 R2 so we need to do a couple of things.

Install the following update: KB 2885698: Update adds support for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 clients to Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 8, and Windows Server 2012 KMS hosts (see Windows Server 2012 R2 & Windows 8.1 KMS Service Activation).  If you don’t install this hotfix registering a Windows Server 2012 R2 KMS key will throw an error:

0xc004f015: The Software Licensing Service reported that the license is not installed.
SL_E_PRODUCT_SKU_NOT_INSTALLED

So grab the hotfix and install it from an elevated command prompt. Just follow the instructions and you’ll be fine .

Once you’ve clicked “Yes” the installation will start

When the installation has finished you will be asked to restart the server. You need to do so. Just restarting the KMS service (“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) doesn’t seem to suffice.

When your server comes back up you’ll be ready to install and activate the Windows Server 2012 R2 KMS key.

First we take a look at the current situation:

slmgr.vbs /dlv => clearly the Windows 2012 KMS key

Uninstall the current KMS key using slmgr.vbs /upk, please use an elevated command prompt

Now you can install the new Windows 2012 R2 KMS key. If you run in to any issues here, restarting the KMS Service can help ((“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) . Try that first.

slmgr.vbs /ipk xxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx

Be patient, it’s not instantaneous.

The key listed here is for all you wannabe pirates out there, sorry, this is the navy. If you’re, looking for illegal keys, cracks, keygens, activators or dodgy KMS virtual machine for Windows 8.1 activation and such this is not the place.

You now need to activate your brand new KMS key running slmgr.vbs /ato

Show what’s up and running now by running slmgr.vbs /dlv again and as you can see we’re in business to activate all our Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 hosts. I’m happy to report that our users will be enjoying Windows 8.1 on the clients in 2014 & the infrastructure in the data center will be benefiting from the goodness Windows Server 2012 R2 brings.

Less really can be more when it comes to desktop virtualization. 180 PC-on-a-Chip desktops—minus the hypervisor—with Citrix XenDesktop, HP Moonshot, and AMD. Part 1

Less really can be more when it comes to desktop virtualization. 180 PC-on-a-Chip desktops—minus the hypervisor—with Citrix XenDesktop, HP Moonshot, and AMD. Part 1 | Citrix Blogs

Source: The Citrix Blog

//

 

Less really can be more when it comes to desktop virtualization. 180 PC-on-a-Chip desktops—minus the hypervisor—with Citrix XenDesktop, HP Moonshot, and AMD. Part 1

Last week at HP Discover in Barcelona, Spain, HP unveiled a revolutionary new member of the Moonshot platform called the Converged System 100 for Hosted Desktops designed exclusively with AMD for Citrix XenDesktop. This new architecture is unlike anything else the industry and Citrix was there side-by-side on the show floor unveiling this new jointly designed platform to customers and partners. The interest from attendees was unbelievable and the simplicity of this new platform with XenDesktop and Provisioning Services made attendees really understand that desktop virtualization can be made simpler with an architecture like this. Let’s take a look at the hardware and dive deeper into this new and exciting game changing architecture.

Chassis

The Moonshot 1500 platform is a 4.3U chassis that has an impressive array of compute, graphics, storage, and network. This new Proliant M700 Server cartridge for HDI, or Hosted Desktop Infrastructure, was designed for those key knowledge workers that need direct unfiltered access to hardware that has been traditionally managed by a hypervisor in the VDI world.  By providing this level of hardware access users can be assured that they will not have to share any hardware resources with anyone else that could potentially impact others in a traditional VDI architecture.  With this new architecture users now have access to their own dedicated processors, graphics, storage, and networking which increases the user experience and ultimately productivity.

Inside the Moonshot chassis are 45 dedicated plug-n-play M700 server cartridges. Each M700 cartridge has 4 PC-on-a-Chip nodes or systems that are powered by the chassis. With 4 PC-on-a Chip nodes X 45 cartridges that gives us a total of 180 dedicated PCoC systems. Each cartridge consumes an impressive low wattage amount of power that is typically 33 watts in active use, 20 watts at idle and a maximum of 63 watts. That’s about 8 watts per node on average which is equivalent to a small radio, but with the power and HDX experience of a boom box! For an entire chassis then the total amount of power that these 45 cartridges or 180 nodes  would consume on average is about 1500 watts which is about the equivalent of a home appliance microwave. Of course mileage may vary, but you get the point on how power savings can be applied here.

The image below showcases the Moonshot chassis fully loaded with 45 cartridges.

 

 

 

Cartridges

Each HP Proliant m700 is powered by a PC-on-a-Chip architecture designed by HP and AMD. Each node on a cartridge has an AMD Opteron X2150 APU (4) x86 core 1.5 GHz processor with AMD Radeon 8000 Series Graphics. The graphics and processor are a single piece of silicon die called an Accelerated Processing Unit or APU and offer 128 Radeon Cores up to 500 MHz.  This type of graphics card is perfectly designed for the knowledge worker who has light level graphics requirements like Direct X 11 enabled applications such as Microsoft Office 2013. This allows for a smaller footprint for a SOC and provides HP and AMD the flexibility to have 4 nodes per cartridge. Each node has a dedicated 8GB of Enhanced ECC DDR3 PC3-12800 SDRAM at 16000 MHz speed for a total of 32GB per cartridge. For storage each cartridge has an integrated storage controller with a dedicated 32GB SANDISK iSSD per node located on the Mezzanine Storage Kit for a total of 128GB space. Each iSSD is rated to perform up to 400 IOPS which more than sufficient for most traditional VDI or SBC users. Each node also has its own pair of 1GB Broadcom NICS allowing for a combined 2GB of dedicated network bandwidth per node. This makes for greater design choices for allowing node to have access to different VLANS for boot and production traffic if desired. For node deployment the BIOS allows each node for a series of simple boot methods such as boot via local iSSD, boot via PXE, and boot one time via PXE or HDD. Also each of the m700 nodes have the capability to leverage Wake-On-LAN or WOL using a magic packet. This enables even nodes that are powered off in the chassis to be powered on straight from the Provisioning Services console!

 

Networking

Inside the chassis is a simple and easy to leverage series of integrated switches. There are two switches that are segmented as switch A and switch B. Each Wolff switch can provide up to 4 x 40GB of stackable uplinks per switch. These Wolff switches are fully manageable switches with Layer 2 and Layer 3 routing functionality as well as QoS, SNMP and SFLOW functions. With each node having a 2 dedicated 1GB NICS and each cartridge delivering 8GB of potential traffic, these switches are ready to handle any type of HDI workload scenario.

 

XenDesktop and HDX

So far you have read about the hardware and its exciting capabilities, but is there a specific version of XenDesktop for the Moonshot platform? Yes there is. The HP Converged System 100 will only be supported by Citrix for those customers using XenDesktop 7.1 and Provisioning Services 7.1. While it’s possible that previous versions of XenDesktop may work, the main feature that only XenDesktop 7.1 provides is the capability for the Standard VDA to leverage the native GPU for those Direct X enabled applications, for example, without the need of the HDX 3D Pro VDA that was always the case before for leveraging GPUs. (The HDX 3d Pro VDA is required for higher end CAD applications, which also require a higher end GPU than what is inside the M700 cartridge. Think NVIDIA K2 and XenServer GPU pass through with HP BL380 Gen 8 blades here for HDX 3D Pro for those higher end users which is a separate architecture than Moonshot.) For those of us that have been keeping up to speed with XenDesktop, Derek Thorslund posted great blog about what the XenDesktop 7.1 VDA can provide for native graphics. Throughout the development of the Moonshot platform Citrix, HP, and AMD worked very closely on the HDX side. During this time Citrix developers were able to enhance our current 7.1 Standard VDA WDDM driver to be able to provide optimizations that are now capable of leveraging the AMD graphics cards which are a standard on the Moonshot HDI platform. This new WDDM driver enhancement now allows for a superior HDX experience that can directly leverage the GPU for each node! The example below shows the device manager Citrix WDDM driver as well as the AMD Radeon GPU. It is important to note again that this new AMD optimization is specifically designed and supported for the XenDesktop 7.1 standard VDA only and not the HDX 3D Pro VDA which is not supported by Citrix on the CS100 Moonshot platform at the time of writing this article.  This new enhancement is in the form of a hotfix (MSP) is available now on Citrix.com.

 http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX139622

http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX139621

Below is YouTube demonstration showcasing all these pieces in real-time!

XenDesktop on Moonshot

Direct URL also

180 bare-metal nodes to Windows 7 in minutes

In most situations there are going to be a few ways to deliver Windows to bare-metal nodes before the XenDesktop and Provisioning Services client installers can be deployed. The current HP supported method of delivering Windows 7 x64 to a node is using Windows Deployment Services or WDS. WDS is a free role of the Windows 2008R2 SP1 and Windows 2012/R2 operating system that can be enabled. Once we have our master image created the fun part begins. In the next series I’ll show the simple process of leveraging WDS to deploy Windows 7 to our master node in just a matter of a few minutes. Then I’ll demonstrate the PowerShell capabilities from Moonshot to PVS and how were able to build all 180 nodes just with PVS and Studio. More to come so check back soon….

Thank You

@TonySanchez_CTX

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