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stop Internet connection sharing (ICS) service.

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Try reinstalling Cisco anyconnect. It worked for me

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Remove unwanted Windows 8.1 Explorer fluff.

Remove annoying file manageler items.

  • Desktop
  • Documents
  • Downloads
  • Music
  • Pictures
  • Videos

If you want to hide these 6 folders, you can click on the small arrow given near the group name “Folders (6)” and it’ll hide all 6 folders. You can also double-click on the group name to do the same thing.

You can also right-click and set “Group by” option to “Descending” to move this “Folders” section below “Devices and drives” section.

But if you want to remove these new folders completely from This PC window, you can take help of following Registry tweak:

You just need to open Registry Editor and go to following Registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrent VersionexplorerMyComputerNameSpace

Remove_Windows_8_1_This_PC_Folders_Registry_Editor.png

Under “NameSpace” key, remove following sub-keys:

{1CF1260C-4DD0-4ebb-811F-33C572699FDE} (to remove Music folder)
{374DE290-123F-4565-9164-39C4925E467B} (to remove Downloads folder)
{3ADD1653-EB32-4cb0-BBD7-DFA0ABB5ACCA} (to remove Pictures folder)
{A0953C92-50DC-43bf-BE83-3742FED03C9C} (to remove Videos folder)
{A8CDFF1C-4878-43be-B5FD-F8091C1C60D0} (to remove Documents folder)
{B4BFCC3A-DB2C-424C-B029-7FE99A87C641} (to remove Desktop folder)

Once you remove all 6 keys, it’ll remove the whole “Folders” section from Windows 8.1 Explorer or “This PC” which I renamed my computers name.

Type regedit in RUN or Start Menu search box and press Enter. If you don’t know what that does, then maybe you should be VERY careful, and back up your registry.

2. Change the following key.

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOTCLSID{F02C1A0D-BE21-4350-88B0-7367FC96EF3C}ShellFolder

3. Change value of “Attributes” DWORD value present in the right-side section.  First you will need to change the permissions.

To get permissions, first right-click on “ShellFolder” key and select “Permissions“.

Change_Permissions_for_ShellFolder_.png

It’ll open a new window. Select “Administrators” in user list and check “Allow” box given for “Full Control” permission.  In my case that set of instructions did not work.  I changed the ownership of the key to my account and everything worked.

Permissions_for_ShellFolder_Key_Cha.png

Click on OK button to apply the changes.

4. Now double-click on “Attributes” DWORD value given in right-side section and change its value to b0940064

5. That’s it. Log off or restart your system and “Network” will no longer present in Explorer window.

NOTE: If you want to restore “Network” in Navigation pane, simply change value of “Attributes” DWORD to b0040064 using step 4.

Windows 8.1 Keyboard shortcuts

Source: Microsoft Website

Windows 8.1 Keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of two or more keys that you can use to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to work with your PC, saving you time and effort as you work with Windows and other apps.

Most apps also provide accelerator keys that can make it easier to work with menus and other commands. Check the menus of apps for accelerator keys. If a letter of a word is underlined in a menu, it usually means you can press the Alt key and the underlined key together instead of clicking that menu item. When you’re using a touch keyboard, you can also see some shortcuts when you press the Ctrl key.

Pressing the Alt key in some apps, such as Paint and WordPad, shows commands that are labeled with additional keys that you can press to use them.

Note

If you’re looking for new ways to use a mouse and keyboard, see Mouse and keyboard: What’s new in Windows.

Using Windows

Top keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains common keyboard shortcuts for Windows 8.1 and Windows RT 8.1.

Ctrl+C (or Ctrl+Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl+X Cut the selected item
Ctrl+V (or Shift+Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl+Z Undo an action
Alt+Tab Switch between open apps (except desktop apps)
Alt+F4 Close the active item, or exit the active app
Windows logo key +L Lock your PC or switch people
Windows logo key +D Display and hide the desktop

New keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains new keyboard shortcuts that you can use in Windows.

Windows logo key‌ +start typing Search your PC
Ctrl+plus (+) or Ctrl+minus (-) Zoom in or out of a large number of items, like apps pinned to the Start screen
Ctrl+scroll wheel Zoom in or out of a large number of items, like apps pinned to the Start screen
Windows logo key‌ +C Open the charms

In an app, open the commands for the app

Windows logo key‌ +F Open the Search charm to search files
Windows logo key‌ +H Open the Share charm
Windows logo key‌ +I Open the Settings charm
Windows logo key‌ +K Open the Devices charm
Windows logo key‌ +O Lock the screen orientation (portrait or landscape)
Windows logo key‌ +Q Open the Search charm to search everywhere or within an open app (if the app supports app search)
Windows logo key +S Open the Search charm to search Windows and the web
Windows logo key‌ +W Open the Search charm to search settings
Windows logo key‌ +Z Show the commands available in the app

Note

You can also see some settings and options by going to the Settings charm when the app is open.

Windows logo key‌ +spacebar Switch input language and keyboard layout
Windows logo key‌ +Ctrl+spacebar Change to a previously selected input
Windows logo key‌ +Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps)
Windows logo key‌ +Ctrl+Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps)
Windows logo key‌ +Shift+Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps) in reverse order
Windows logo key‌ +Shift+period (.) Snaps an app to the left
Windows logo key‌ +period (.) Cycle through open apps
Esc Stop or exit the current task

General keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains general keyboard shortcuts that you can use in Windows.

F1 Display Help
F2 Rename the selected item
F3 Search for a file or folder
F4 Display the address bar list in File Explorer
F5 Refresh the active window
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F10 Activate the Menu bar in the active app
Alt+F4 Close the active item, or exit the active app
Alt+Esc Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
Alt+underlined letter Perform the command for that letter
Alt+Enter Display properties for the selected item
Alt+Spacebar Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Alt+Left arrow Back
Alt+Right arrow Forward
Alt+Page Up Move up one screen
Alt+Page Down Move down one screen
Alt+Tab Switch between open apps (except desktop apps)
Ctrl+F4 Close the active document (in apps that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
Ctrl+A Select all items in a document or window
Ctrl+C (or Ctrl+Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl+D (or Delete) Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Ctrl+R (or F5) Refresh the active window
Ctrl+V (or Shift+Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl+X Cut the selected item
Ctrl+Y Redo an action
Ctrl+Z Undo an action
Ctrl+plus (+) or Ctrl+minus (-) Zoom in or out of a large number of items, like apps pinned to the Start screen
Ctrl+ mouse scroll wheel Change the size of desktop icons or zoom in or out of a large number of items, like apps pinned to the Start screen
Ctrl+Right arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl+Left arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl+Down arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl+Up arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl+Alt+Tab Use the arrow keys to switch between all open apps
Ctrl+arrow key (to move to an item)+Spacebar Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Ctrl+Shift with an arrow key Select a block of text
Ctrl+Esc Open the Start screen
Ctrl+Shift+Esc Open Task Manager
Ctrl+Shift Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are available
Ctrl+Spacebar Turn the Chinese input method editor (IME) on or off
Shift+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Shift with any arrow key Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
Shift+Delete Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
Right arrow Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
Left arrow Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
Esc Stop or leave the current task

Windows logo key keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that use the Windows logo key .

Windows logo key +F1 Open Windows Help and Support
Windows logo key Display or hide the Start screen
Windows logo key +B Set focus in the notification area
Windows logo key +C Open the Charms
Windows logo key +D Display and hide the desktop
Windows logo key +E Open File Explorer
Windows logo key +F Open the Search charm and search for files
Windows logo key +H Open the Share charm
Windows logo key +I Open the Settings charm
Windows logo key +K Open the Devices charm
Windows logo key +L Lock your PC or switch people
Windows logo key +M Minimize all windows
Windows logo key +O Lock device orientation
Windows logo key +P Choose a presentation display mode
Windows logo key +Q Open the Search charm to search everywhere or within the open app (if the app supports app search)
Windows logo key +R Open the Run dialog box
Windows logo key +S Open the Search charm to search Windows and the web
Windows logo key +T Cycle through apps on the taskbar
Windows logo key +U Open Ease of Access Center
Windows logo key +V Cycle through notifications
Windows logo key +Shift+V Cycle through notifications in reverse order
Windows logo key +W Open the Search charm and search for settings
Windows logo key +X Open the Quick Link menu
Windows logo key +Z Show the commands available in the app

Note

You can also see some settings and options by going to the Settings charm when the app is open.

Windows logo key +, Temporarily peek at the desktop
Windows logo key +Pause Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows logo key +Ctrl+F Search for PCs (if you’re on a network)
Windows logo key +Shift+M Restore minimized windows on the desktop
Windows logo key +number Open the desktop and start the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number. If the app is already running, switch to that app.
Windows logo key +Shift+number Open the desktop and start a new instance of the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key +Ctrl+number Open the desktop and switch to the last active window of the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key +Alt+number Open the desktop and open the Jump List for the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
Windows logo key +Ctrl+Shift+number Open the desktop and open a new instance of the app located at the given position on the taskbar as an administrator
Windows logo key +Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps)
Windows logo key +Ctrl+Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps)
Windows logo key +Shift+Tab Cycle through recently used apps (except desktop apps) in reverse order
Windows logo key +Ctrl+B Switch to the app that displayed a message in the notification area
Windows logo key +Up arrow Maximize the window
Windows logo key +Down arrow Remove current app from screen or minimize the desktop window
Windows logo key +Left arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the left side of the screen
Windows logo key +Right arrow Maximize the app or desktop window to the right side of the screen
Windows logo key +Home Minimize all but the active desktop window (restores all windows on second stroke)
Windows logo key +Shift+Up arrow Stretch the desktop window to the top and bottom of the screen
Windows logo key +Shift+Down arrow Restore/minimize active desktop windows vertically, maintaining width
Windows logo key +Shift+Left arrow or Right arrow Move an app or window in the desktop from one monitor to another
Windows logo key +Spacebar Switch input language and keyboard layout
Windows logo key +Ctrl+Spacebar Change to a previously selected input
Windows logo key +Enter Open Narrator
Windows logo key +Shift+period (.) Cycle through open apps
Windows logo key +period (.) Cycle through open apps
Windows logo key +/ Initiate IME reconversion
Windows logo key +Alt+Enter Open WindowsMedia Center
Windows logo key +plus (+) or minus (-) Zoom in or out using Magnifier
Windows logo key +Esc Exit Magnifier

Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that you can use in dialog boxes.

F1 Display Help
F4 Display the items in the active list
Ctrl+Tab Move forward through tabs
Ctrl+Shift+Tab Move back through tabs
Ctrl+number (number 1-9) Move to nth tab
Tab Move forward through options
Shift+Tab Move back through options
Alt+underlined letter Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
Spacebar Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Backspace Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons

File Explorer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with File Explorer windows or folders.

Alt+D Select the address bar
Ctrl+E Select the search box
Ctrl+F Select the search box
Ctrl+N Open a new window
Ctrl+W Close the current window
Ctrl+mouse scroll wheel Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
Ctrl+Shift+E Display all folders above the selected folder
Ctrl+Shift+N Create a new folder
Num Lock+asterisk (*) Display all subfolders under the selected folder
Num Lock+plus (+) Display the contents of the selected folder
Num Lock+minus (-) Collapse the selected folder
Alt+P Display the preview pane
Alt+Enter Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item
Alt+Right arrow View the next folder
Alt+Up arrow View the folder that the folder was in
Alt+Left arrow View the previous folder
Backspace View the previous folder
Right arrow Display the current selection (if it’s collapsed), or select the first subfolder
Left arrow Collapse the current selection (if it’s expanded), or select the folder that the folder was in
End Display the bottom of the active window
Home Display the top of the active window
F11 Maximize or minimize the active window

Taskbar keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with items on the desktop taskbar.

Shift+click a taskbar button Open an app or quickly open another instance of an app
Ctrl+Shift+click a taskbar button Open an app as an administrator
Shift+right-click a taskbar button Show the window menu for the app
Shift+right-click a grouped taskbar button Show the window menu for the group
Ctrl+click a grouped taskbar button Cycle through the windows of the group

Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your PC easier to use.

Right Shift for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left Alt+left Shift+Print Screen Turn High Contrast on or off
Left Alt+left Shift+Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Shift five times Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key +U Open the Ease of Access Center

Magnifier keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Magnifier.

Windows logo key +plus (+) or minus (-) Zoom in or out
Ctrl+Alt+Spacebar Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+D Switch to docked mode
Ctrl+Alt+F Switch to full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+I Invert colors
Ctrl+Alt+L Switch to lens mode
Ctrl+Alt+R Resize the lens
Ctrl+Alt+arrow keys Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
Windows logo key +Esc Exit Magnifier

Narrator keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Narrator.

Spacebar or Enter Activate current item
Tab and arrow keys Move around on the screen
Ctrl Stop reading
Caps Lock+D Read item
Caps Lock+M Start reading
Caps Lock+H Read document
Caps Lock+V Repeat phrase
Caps Lock+W Read window
Caps Lock+Page Up or Page Down Increase or decrease the volume of the voice
Caps Lock+plus (+) or minus (-) Increase or decrease the speed of the voice
Caps Lock+Spacebar Do default action
Caps Lock+Left or Right arrows Move to previous/next item
Caps Lock+F2 Show commands for current item
Press Caps Lock twice in quick succession Turn Caps Lock on or off
Caps+Esc Exit Narrator

Narrator touch keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Narrator on a four-point tablet.

Tap once with two fingers Stop Narrator from reading
Tap three times with four fingers Show all Narrator commands (including the ones not in this list)
Double-tap Activate primary action
Triple-tap Activate secondary action
Touch or drag a single finger Read what’s under your fingers
Flick left/right with one finger Move to next or previous item
Swipe left/right/up/down with two fingers Scroll
Swipe down with three fingers Start reading on explorable text

Remote Desktop Connection on the desktop keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Remote Desktop Connection on the desktop.

Alt+Page Up Move between apps from left to right
Alt+Page Down Move between apps from right to left
Alt+Insert Cycle through apps in the order that they were started
Alt+Home Display the Start screen
Ctrl+Alt+Break Switch between a window and full screen
Ctrl+Alt+End Display the Windows Securitydialog box
Ctrl+Alt+Home In full-screen mode, activate the connection bar
Alt+Delete Display the system menu
Ctrl+Alt+minus (-) on the numeric keypad Place a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Alt+Print Screen on a local PC)
Ctrl+Alt+plus (+) on the numeric keypad Place a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Print Screen on a local PC)
Ctrl+Alt+Right arrow “Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host app (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) app.
Ctrl+Alt+Left arrow “Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host app (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) app.

Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer.

F3 Move the cursor to the search box
F10 Display the Options menu
Home Move to the beginning of a topic
End Move to the end of a topic
Alt+Left arrow Move back to the previously viewed topic
Alt+Right arrow Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic
Alt+Home Display the Help and Support home page
Alt+A Display the customer support page
Alt+C Display the Table of Contents
Alt+N Display the Connection Settings menu
Ctrl+F Search the current topic
Ctrl+P Print a topic

App rearranging shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for rearranging modern apps.

Note

Keep the Windows logo key pressed down continuously while you’re rearranging apps, from the moment you enter rearrange mode and through all the various rearrange commands. When you’re done rearranging, release your finger from the Windows logo keyto select the current arrangement.

Windows logo key +. (period) Enter rearrange mode and select apps or dividers across monitors
Windows logo key +left arrow Move app divider left
Windows logo key +right arrow Move app divider right
Windows logo key +up arrow Maximize app
Windows logo key +down arrow Close app
Windows logo key +Esc Exit rearrange mode

Using apps

Show all

Calculator keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Calculator.

F1 Open Calculator Help
F2 Edit the calculation history
Alt+1 Switch to Standard mode
Alt+2 Switch to Scientific mode
Alt+3 Switch to Programmer mode
Alt+4 Switch to Statistics mode
Alt+C Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets
Ctrl+E Open date calculations
Ctrl+H Turn calculation history on or off
Ctrl+L Press the MC button
Ctrl+M Press the MS button
Ctrl+P Press the M+ button
Ctrl+Q Press the M- button
Ctrl+R Press the MR button
Ctrl+U Open unit conversion
Ctrl+Shift+D Clear the calculation history
F9 Press the +/– button
R Press the 1/× button
@ Press the square root button
Del Press the CE button
Up arrow Move up in the calculation history
Down arrow Move down in the calculation history
Esc Press the C button or stop editing the calculation history
Enter Recalculate the calculation history after editing
F3 Select Degrees in Scientific mode
F4 Select Radians in Scientific mode
F5 Select Grads in Scientific mode
Ctrl+B Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+G Press the 10x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+O Press the cosh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+S Press the sinh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+T Press the tanh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+Y Press the y√x button in Scientific mode
D Press the Mod button in Scientific mode
I Press the Inv button in Scientific mode
L Press the log button in Scientific mode
M Press the dms button in Scientific mode
N Press the ln button in Scientific mode
O Press the cos button in Scientific mode
P Press the pi button in Scientific mode
Q Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode
S Press the sin button in Scientific mode
T Press the tan button in Scientific mode
V Press the F-E button in Scientific mode
X Press the Exp button in Scientific mode
Y Press the x^y button in Scientific mode
# Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode
; Press the Int button in Scientific mode
! Press the n! button in Scientific mode
F2 Select Dword in Programmer mode
F3 Select Word in Programmer mode
F4 Select Byte in Programmer mode
F5 Select Hex in Programmer mode
F6 Select Dec in Programmer mode
F7 Select Oct in Programmer mode
F8 Select Bin in Programmer mode
F12 Select Qword in Programmer mode
A-F Press the A-F buttons in Programmer mode
J Press the RoL button in Programmer mode
K Press the RoR button in Programmer mode
< Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode
> Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode
% Press the Mod button in Programmer mode
| Press the Or button in Programmer mode
^ Press the Xor button in Programmer mode
~ Press the Not button in Programmer mode
& Press the And button in Programmer mode
Spacebar Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode
A Press the Average button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+A Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode
S Press the Sum button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+S Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode
T Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+T Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode
D Press the CAD button in Statistics mode

Calendar keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Calendar app.

Ctrl+1 or Ctrl+D Show the day view
Ctrl+2 or Ctrl+O Show the work week view
Ctrl+3 or Ctrl+W Show the week view
Ctrl+4 or Ctrl+M Show the month view
Ctrl+T or Home Go to today
Ctrl+N Create a new event
Page up In month view, go to the previous month

In week view, go to the previous week

In day view, go to the previous two days

Ctrl+H In month view, go to the previous month

In week view, go to the previous week

In day view, go to the previous two days

Page down In month view, go to the next month

In week view, go to the next week

In day view, go to the next two days

Ctrl+J In month view, go to the next month

In week view, go to the next week

In day view, go to the next two days

Right arrow In a view, go to the next day
Left arrow In a view, go to the previous day
Down arrow In a view, go to the next hour
Up arrow In a view, go to the previous hour
Esc Go back
Ctrl+S Save or send the event
Ctrl+P, use up and down arrows to select Respond to an event
Ctrl+D Delete an event

Mail keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Mail app.

Ctrl+R Reply
Ctrl+Shift+R Reply all
Ctrl+F Forward
Ctrl+M Move item to a different folder
Ctrl+J Toggle between marking a message as junk or not junk
Ctrl+Shift+U Show only unread messages
Ctrl+Shift+A Show all messages
Ctrl+Shift+E Show Folder options
Ctrl+U Mark as unread
Ctrl+Q Mark as read
Ctrl+A Select all messages
Insert Toggle between Flag and Remove flag for messages
Ctrl+N New message
F5 Sync
Alt+B Put focus on the bcc button
Alt+C Put focus on the cc button

Accept

Alt+D Decline
Alt+T Put focus on the To button

Tentative

Alt+V Open the invitation in Calendar
Alt+S Send mail
Alt+i Insert attachment
Ctrl+Shift+F Select a font
Ctrl+Spacebar Clear formatting
Ctrl+Y Redo
F4 Redo
Ctrl+[ Increase font size one point
Ctrl+] Decrease font size one point
Ctrl+Shift+, Decrease font size
Ctrl+Shift+. Increase font size
Ctrl+K Add a link
Ctrl+E Center
Ctrl+L Left
Ctrl+R Right
Ctrl+Shift+L Bullets
Ctrl+M Indent when text is selected
Ctrl+Shift+M Outdent
Tab or Shift+Tab Indent/outdent when text is selected or when focus is in a list
Ctrl+’ Acute accent
Ctrl+, Cedilla accent
Ctrl+Shift+6 Circumflex accent
Ctrl+Shift+; Diaeresis accent
Ctrl+` Grave accent
Ctrl+Shift+7 Ligature accent
Ctrl+Shift+2 Ring accent
Ctrl+/ Forward slash accent
Ctrl+Shift+` Tilde accent
Alt+Ctrl+Shift+1 Inverted exclamation mark
Alt+Ctrl+Shift+/ Inverted question mark

People keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for the People app.

Ctrl+N Add a contact
Ctrl+S Save changes
Delete Delete a contact
Ctrl+F Make a contact a favorite
Ctrl+Shift+1 Pin a contact to Start
Esc Go back
Home Go to beginning of contact list
Page down Go forward in the contact list
Page up Go backwards in the contact list
End Go to end of the contact list

Messaging keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Messaging app.

Ctrl+N Start a new conversation
Ctrl+N Select people
Ctrl+E Select an emoticon
Ctrl+> Next conversation
Ctrl+< Previous conversation

Paint keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Paint.

F1 Open Paint Help
F11 View a picture in full-screen mode
F12 Save the picture as a new file
Ctrl+A Select the entire picture
Ctrl+B Bold selected text
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+E Open the Properties dialog box
Ctrl+G Show or hide gridlines
Ctrl+I Italicize selected text
Ctrl+N Create a new picture
Ctrl+O Open an existing picture
Ctrl+P Print a picture
Ctrl+R Show or hide the ruler
Ctrl+S Save changes to a picture
Ctrl+U Underline selected text
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl+W Open the Resize and Skew dialog box
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Ctrl+plus (+) Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+minus (-) Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+Page Up Zoom in
Ctrl+Page Down Zoom out
Alt (or F10) Display keytips
Alt+F4 Close a picture and its Paint window
Right arrow Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
Left arrow Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
Down arrow Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
Up arrow Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel
Shift+F10 Show the current shortcut menu

Reader keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Reader app.

F8 Use two-page layout
Ctrl+R Rotate the file 90 degrees clockwise
Ctrl+F Search for text in a file
F7 Use keyboard selection mode
Ctrl+P Print a file
Ctrl+O Open a file
Ctrl+W Close a file
Ctrl+M Reader app home

Remote Desktop Connection keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Remote Desktop Connection.

Ctrl+Alt+Home Toggle appbars between the remote PC and the one in front of you
Ctrl+Alt+Left arrow Switch your view to the previous session (when viewing a session)
Ctrl+Alt+Right arrow Switch your view to the next session (when viewing a session)
Ctrl+Alt+Up arrow Switch your view to the first session (when viewing a session)
Ctrl+Alt+Down arrow Switch your view to the last session (when viewing a session)

OneDrive keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with OneDrive.

Ctrl+A Select all
Ctrl+Alt+1 Change view (details/thumbnails)
Ctrl+U Upload
Ctrl+Shift+N New folder
Esc Clear selection
Ctrl+O Open with
Ctrl+Alt+O View folder
Ctrl+Shift+V Copy
Ctrl+Shift+Y Move
Ctrl+S Download
Alt+Up arrow Go up
F2 Rename
F5 Refresh

Windows Journal keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Journal.

F1 Open Journal Help
F5 Refresh the note list
F6 Toggle between a note list and a note
F11 View a note in full-screen mode
Ctrl+A Select all items on a page
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+F Search for text in a file
Ctrl+G Go to a page
Ctrl+N Start a new note
Ctrl+O Open a recently used note
Ctrl+P Print a note
Ctrl+S Save changes to a note
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Alt+F4 Close a note and its Journal window
Ctrl+Shift+C Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list
Ctrl+Shift+V Move a note to a specific folder

WordPad keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with WordPad.

F1 Open WordPad Help
F3 Search for the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
F10 Display keytips
F12 Save the document as a new file
Ctrl+1 Set single line spacing
Ctrl+2 Set double line spacing
Ctrl+5 Set line spacing to 1.5
Ctrl+A Select the entire document
Ctrl+B Make selected text bold
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+D Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
Ctrl+E Align text center
Ctrl+F Search for text in a document
Ctrl+H Replace text in a document
Ctrl+I Italicize selected text
Ctrl+J Justify text
Ctrl+L Align text left
Ctrl+N Create a new document
Ctrl+O Open an existing document
Ctrl+P Print a document
Ctrl+R Align text right
Ctrl+S Save changes to a document
Ctrl+U Underline selected text
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Ctrl+= Make selected text subscript
Ctrl+Shift+= Make selected text superscript
Ctrl+Shift+> Increase the font size
Ctrl+Shift+< Decrease the font size
Ctrl+Shift+A Change characters to all capitals
Ctrl+Shift+L Change the bullet style
Ctrl+Left arrow Move the cursor one word to the left
Ctrl+Right arrow Move the cursor one word to the right
Ctrl+Up arrow Move the cursor to the previous line
Ctrl+Down arrow Move the cursor to the next line
Ctrl+Home Move to the beginning of the document
Ctrl+End Move to the end of the document
Ctrl+Page Up Move up one page
Ctrl+Page Down Move down one page
Ctrl+Delete Delete the next word
Alt+F4 Close WordPad
Shift+F10 Show the current shortcut menu

Internet Explorer keyboard shortcuts

You can see shortcuts for Internet Explorer at Internet Explorer shortcuts.

For more info about using keyboard shortcuts in Windows, see the Getting around your PC tutorial.

Windows 7

//<![CDATA[ link_expandAllText = ‘Show all’; link_collapseAllText = ‘Hide all’; //]]> Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of two or more keys that, when pressed, can be used to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer, saving you time and effort as you work with Windows and other programs.

Most programs also provide accelerator keys that can make it easier to work with menus and other commands. Check the menus of programs for accelerator keys. If a letter is underlined in a menu, that usually means that pressing the Alt key in combination with the underlined key will have the same effect as clicking that menu item.

Pressing the Alt key in some programs, such as Paint and WordPad, shows commands that are labeled with additional keys that you can press to use them.

You can also create new keyboard shortcuts to open programs. For more information, see Create keyboard shortcuts to open programs.

Show all

Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your computer easier to use.

Right Shift for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left Alt+Left Shift+PrtScn (or PrtScn) Turn High Contrast on or off
Left Alt+Left Shift+Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Shift five times Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key +U Open the Ease of Access Center

General keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains general keyboard shortcuts.

F1 Display Help
Ctrl+C (or Ctrl+Insert) Copy the selected item
Ctrl+X Cut the selected item
Ctrl+V (or Shift+Insert) Paste the selected item
Ctrl+Z Undo an action
Ctrl+Y Redo an action
Delete (or Ctrl+D) Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Shift+Delete Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
F2 Rename the selected item
Ctrl+Right Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl+Left Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl+Down Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl+Up Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl+Shift with an arrow key Select a block of text
Shift with any arrow key Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
Ctrl with any arrow key+Spacebar Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Ctrl+A Select all items in a document or window
F3 Search for a file or folder
Alt+Enter Display properties for the selected item
Alt+F4 Close the active item, or exit the active program
Alt+Spacebar Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Ctrl+F4 Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
Alt+Tab Switch between open items
Ctrl+Alt+Tab Use the arrow keys to switch between open items
Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel Change the size of icons on the desktop
Windows logo key +Tab Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Ctrl+Windows logo key +Tab Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Alt+Esc Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F4 Display the address bar list in Windows Explorer
Shift+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Ctrl+Esc Open the Start menu
Alt+underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
Alt+underlined letter Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)
F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
Right Arrow Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
Left Arrow Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 (or Ctrl+R) Refresh the active window
Alt+Up Arrow View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer
Esc Cancel the current task
Ctrl+Shift+Esc Open Task Manager
Shift when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing
Left Alt+Shift Switch the input language when multiple input languages are enabled
Ctrl+Shift Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are enabled
Right or Left Ctrl+Shift Change the reading direction of text in right-to-left reading languages

Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for use in dialog boxes.

Ctrl+Tab Move forward through tabs
Ctrl+Shift+Tab Move back through tabs
Tab Move forward through options
Shift+Tab Move back through options
Alt+underlined letter Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
Enter Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
Spacebar Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F1 Display Help
F4 Display the items in the active list
Backspace Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box

Windows logo key keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that use the Windows logo key .

Windows logo key Open or close the Start menu.
Windows logo key +Pause Display the System Properties dialog box.
Windows logo key +D Display the desktop.
Windows logo key +M Minimize all windows.
Windows logo key +Shift+M Restore minimized windows to the desktop.
Windows logo key +E Open Computer.
Windows logo key +F Search for a file or folder.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +F Search for computers (if you’re on a network).
Windows logo key +L Lock your computer or switch users.
Windows logo key +R Open the Run dialog box.
Windows logo key +T Cycle through programs on the taskbar.
Windows logo key +number Start the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number. If the program is already running, switch to that program.
Shift+Windows logo key +number Start a new instance of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +number Switch to the last active window of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Alt+Windows logo key +number Open the Jump List for the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Windows logo key +Tab Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +Tab Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +B Switch to the program that displayed a message in the notification area.
Windows logo key +Spacebar Preview the desktop.
Windows logo key +Up Arrow Maximize the window.
Windows logo key +Left Arrow Maximize the window to the left side of the screen.
Windows logo key +Right Arrow Maximize the window to the right side of the screen.
Windows logo key +Down Arrow Minimize the window.
Windows logo key +Home Minimize all but the active window.
Windows logo key +Shift+Up Arrow Stretch the window to the top and bottom of the screen.
Windows logo key +Shift+Left Arrow or Right Arrow Move a window from one monitor to another.
Windows logo key +P Choose a presentation display mode.
Windows logo key +G Cycle through gadgets.
Windows logo key +U Open Ease of Access Center.
Windows logo key +X Open Windows Mobility Center.

Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Explorer windows or folders.

Ctrl+N Open a new window
Ctrl+W Close the current window
Ctrl+Shift+N Create a new folder
End Display the bottom of the active window
Home Display the top of the active window
F11 Maximize or minimize the active window
Ctrl+Period (.) Rotate a picture clockwise
Ctrl+Comma (,) Rotate a picture counter-clockwise
Num Lock+Asterisk (*) on numeric keypad Display all subfolders under the selected folder
Num Lock+Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad Display the contents of the selected folder
Num Lock+Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad Collapse the selected folder
Left Arrow Collapse the current selection (if it’s expanded), or select the parent folder
Alt+Enter Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item
Alt+P Display the preview pane
Alt+Left Arrow View the previous folder
Backspace View the previous folder
Right Arrow Display the current selection (if it’s collapsed), or select the first subfolder
Alt+Right Arrow View the next folder
Alt+Up Arrow View the parent folder
Ctrl+Shift+E Display all folders above the selected folder
Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
Alt+D Select the address bar
Ctrl+E Select the search box
Ctrl+F Select the search box

Taskbar keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with items on the taskbar.

Shift+Click on a taskbar button Open a program or quickly open another instance of a program
Ctrl+Shift+Click on a taskbar button Open a program as an administrator
Shift+Right-click on a taskbar button Show the window menu for the program
Shift+Right-click on a grouped taskbar button Show the window menu for the group
Ctrl+Click on a grouped taskbar button Cycle through the windows of the group

Magnifier keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Magnifier.

Windows logo key + Plus Sign (+) or Minus Sign (-) Zoom in or out
Ctrl+Alt+Spacebar Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+F Switch to full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+L Switch to lens mode
Ctrl+Alt+D Switch to docked mode
Ctrl+Alt+I Invert colors
Ctrl+Alt+arrow keys Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
Ctrl+Alt+R Resize the lens
Windows logo key + Esc Exit Magnifier

Remote Desktop Connection keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Remote Desktop Connection.

Alt+Page Up Move between programs from left to right.
Alt+Page Down Move between programs from right to left.
Alt+Insert Cycle through programs in the order that they were started in.
Alt+Home Display the Start menu.
Ctrl+Alt+Break Switch between a window and full screen.
Ctrl+Alt+End Display the Windows Security dialog box.
Alt+Delete Display the system menu.
Ctrl+Alt+Minus Sign (-) on the numeric keypad Place a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Alt+PrtScn on a local computer).
Ctrl+Alt+Plus Sign (+) on the numeric keypad Place a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing PrtScn on a local computer).
Ctrl+Alt+Right Arrow “Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
Ctrl+Alt+Left Arrow “Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.

Note

Ctrl+Alt+Break and Ctrl+Alt+End are available in all Remote Desktop sessions, even when you’ve set up the remote computer to recognize Windows keyboard shortcuts.

Paint keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Paint.

Ctrl+N Create a new picture
Ctrl+O Open an existing picture
Ctrl+S Save changes to a picture
F12 Save the picture as a new file
Ctrl+P Print a picture
Alt+F4 Close a picture and its Paint window
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+A Select the entire picture
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Right Arrow Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
Left Arrow Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
Down Arrow Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
Up Arrow Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel
Esc Cancel a selection
Delete Delete a selection
Ctrl+B Bold selected text
Ctrl++ Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+- Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+I Italicize selected text
Ctrl+U Underline selected text
Ctrl+E Open the Properties dialog box
Ctrl+W Open the Resize and Skew dialog box
Ctrl+Page Up Zoom in
Ctrl+Page Down Zoom out
F11 View a picture in full-screen mode
Ctrl+R Show or hide the ruler
Ctrl+G Show or hide gridlines
F10 or Alt Display keytips
Shift+F10 Show the current shortcut menu
F1 Open Paint Help

WordPad keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with WordPad.

Ctrl+N Create a new document
Ctrl+O Open an existing document
Ctrl+S Save changes to a document
F12 Save the document as a new file
Ctrl+P Print a document
Alt+F4 Close WordPad
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+A Select the entire document
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl+B Make selected text bold
Ctrl+I Italicize selected text
Ctrl+U Underline selected text
Ctrl+= Make selected text subscript
Ctrl+Shift+= Make selected text superscript
Ctrl+L Align text left
Ctrl+E Align text center
Ctrl+R Align text right
Ctrl+J Justify text
Ctrl+1 Set single line spacing
Ctrl+2 Set double line spacing
Ctrl+5 Set line spacing to 1.5
Ctrl+Shift+> Increase the font size
Ctrl+Shift+< Decrease the font size
Ctrl+Shift+A Change characters to all capitals
Ctrl+Shift+L Change the bullet style
Ctrl+D Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
Ctrl+F Find text in a document
F3 Find the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
Ctrl+H Replace text in a document
Ctrl+Left Arrow Move the cursor one word to the left
Ctrl+Right Arrow Move the cursor one word to the right
Ctrl+Up Arrow Move the cursor to the line above
Ctrl+Down Arrow Move the cursor to the line below
Ctrl+Home Move to the beginning of the document
Ctrl+End Move to the end of the document
Ctrl+Page Up Move up one page
Ctrl+Page Down Move down one page
Ctrl+Delete Delete the next word
F10 Display keytips
Shift+F10 Show the current shortcut menu
F1 Open WordPad Help

Calculator keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Calculator.

Alt+1 Switch to Standard mode
Alt+2 Switch to Scientific mode
Alt+3 Switch to Programmer mode
Alt+4 Switch to Statistics mode
Ctrl+E Open date calculations
Ctrl+H Turn calculation history on or off
Ctrl+U Open unit conversion
Alt+C Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets
F1 Open Calculator Help
Ctrl+Q Press the M- button
Ctrl+P Press the M+ button
Ctrl+M Press the MS button
Ctrl+R Press the MR button
Ctrl+L Press the MC button
% Press the % button
F9 Press the +/– button
/ Press the / button
* Press the * button
+ Press the + button
Press the – button
R Press the 1/× button
@ Press the square root button
0-9 Press the number buttons (0-9)
= Press the = button
. Press the . (decimal point) button
Backspace Press the backspace button
Esc Press the C button
Del Press the CE button
Ctrl+Shift+D Clear the calculation history
F2 Edit the calculation history
Up Arrow key Navigate up in the calculation history
Down Arrow key Navigate down in the calculation history
Esc Cancel editing the calculation history
Enter Recalculate the calculation history after editing
F3 Select Degrees in Scientific mode
F4 Select Radians in Scientific mode
F5 Select Grads in Scientific mode
I Press the Inv button in Scientific mode
D Press the Mod button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+S Press the sinh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+O Press the cosh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+T Press the tanh button in Scientific mode
( Press the ( button in Scientific mode
) Press the ) button in Scientific mode
N Press the ln button in Scientific mode
; Press the Int button in Scientific mode
S Press the sin button in Scientific mode
O Press the cos button in Scientific mode
T Press the tan button in Scientific mode
M Press the dms button in Scientific mode
P Press the pi button in Scientific mode
V Press the F-E button in Scientific mode
X Press the Exp button in Scientific mode
Q Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode
Y Press the x^y button in Scientific mode
# Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode
L Press the log button in Scientific mode
! Press the n! button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+Y Press the y√x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+B Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+G Press the 10x button in Scientific mode
F5 Select Hex in Programmer mode
F6 Select Dec in Programmer mode
F7 Select Oct in Programmer mode
F8 Select Bin in Programmer mode
F12 Select Qword in Programmer mode
F2 Select Dword in Programmer mode
F3 Select Word in Programmer mode
F4 Select Byte in Programmer mode
K Press the RoR button in Programmer mode
J Press the RoL button in Programmer mode
< Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode
> Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode
% Press the Mod button in Programmer mode
( Press the ( button in Programmer mode
) Press the ) button in Programmer mode
| Press the Or button in Programmer mode
^ Press the Xor button in Programmer mode
~ Press the Not button in Programmer mode
& Press the And button in Programmer mode
A-F Press the A-F buttons in Programmer mode
Spacebar Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode
A Press the Average button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+A Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode
S Press the Sum button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+S Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode
T Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+T Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode
D Press the CAD button in Statistics mode

Windows Journal keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Journal.

Ctrl+N Start a new note
Ctrl+O Open a recently used note
Ctrl+S Save changes to a note
Ctrl+Shift+V Move a note to a specific folder
Ctrl+P Print a note
Alt+F4 Close a note and its Journal window
Ctrl+Z Undo a change
Ctrl+Y Redo a change
Ctrl+A Select all items on a page
Ctrl+X Cut a selection
Ctrl+C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Esc Cancel a selection
Delete Delete a selection
Ctrl+F Start a basic find
Ctrl+G Go to a page
F5 Refresh find results
F5 Refresh the note list
F6 Toggle between a note list and a note
Ctrl+Shift+C Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list
F11 View a note in full-screen mode
F1 Open Journal Help

Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer.

Alt+C Display the Table of Contents
Alt+N Display the Connection Settings menu
F10 Display the Options menu
Alt+Left Arrow Move back to the previously viewed topic
Alt+Right Arrow Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic
Alt+A Display the customer support page
Alt+Home Display the Help and Support home page
Home Move to the beginning of a topic
End Move to the end of a topic
Ctrl+F Search the current topic
Ctrl+P Print a topic
F3 Move the cursor to the search box

Windows Vista

//<![CDATA[ link_expandAllText = ‘Show all’; link_collapseAllText = ‘Hide all’; //]]> Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer because you don’t need to use the mouse as often.

Show all

Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your computer easier to use.

Right SHIFT for eight seconds Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (or PRTSCRN) Turn High Contrast on or off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK Turn Mouse Keys on or off
SHIFT five times Turn Sticky Keys on or off
NUM LOCK for five seconds Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key +U Open the Ease of Access Center

General keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains general keyboard shortcuts.

F1 Display Help
CTRL+C Copy the selected item
CTRL+X Cut the selected item
CTRL+V Paste the selected item
CTRL+Z Undo an action
CTRL+Y Redo an action
DELETE Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
SHIFT+DELETE Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
F2 Rename the selected item
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
CTRL+UP ARROW Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
CTRL+SHIFT with an arrow key Select a block of text
SHIFT with any arrow key Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
CTRL with any arrow key+SPACEBAR Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
CTRL+A Select all items in a document or window
F3 Search for a file or folder
ALT+ENTER Display properties for the selected item
ALT+F4 Close the active item, or exit the active program
ALT+SPACEBAR Open the shortcut menu for the active window
CTRL+F4 Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
ALT+TAB Switch between open items
CTRL+ALT+TAB Use the arrow keys to switch between open items
CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel Change the size of icons on the desktop
Windows logo key +TAB Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D
CTRL+Windows logo key +TAB Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D
ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F4 Display the Address bar list in Windows Explorer
SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
CTRL+ESC Open the Start menu
ALT+underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
ALT+underlined letter Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)
F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
RIGHT ARROW Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
LEFT ARROW Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 Refresh the active window
ALT+UP ARROW View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer
ESC Cancel the current task
CTRL+SHIFT+ESC Open Task Manager
SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing

Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for use in dialog boxes.

CTRL+TAB Move forward through tabs
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB Move back through tabs
TAB Move forward through options
SHIFT+TAB Move back through options
ALT+underlined letter Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
ENTER Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
SPACEBAR Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F1 Display Help
F4 Display the items in the active list
BACKSPACE Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box

Microsoft keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for use with Microsoft keyboards.

Windows logo key Open or close the Start menu
Windows logo key +PAUSE Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows logo key +D Display the desktop
Windows logo key +M Minimize all windows
Windows logo key +SHIFT+M Restore minimized windows to the desktop
Windows logo key +E Open Computer
Windows logo key +F Search for a file or folder
CTRL+Windows logo key +F Search for computers (if you are on a network)
Windows logo key +L Lock your computer or switch users
Windows logo key +R Open the Run dialog box
Windows logo key +T Cycle through programs on the taskbar
Windows logo key +TAB Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D
CTRL+Windows logo key +TAB Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Windows Flip 3-D
Windows logo key +SPACEBAR Bring all gadgets to the front and select Windows Sidebar
Windows logo key +G Cycle through Sidebar gadgets
Windows logo key +U Open Ease of Access Center
Windows logo key +X Open Windows Mobility Center
Windows logo key with any number key Open the Quick Launch shortcut that is in the position that corresponds to the number. For example, Windows logo key +1 to launch the first shortcut in the Quick Launch menu.

Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Explorer windows or folders.

CTRL+N Open a new window
END Display the bottom of the active window
HOME Display the top of the active window
F11 Maximize or minimize the active window
NUM LOCK+ASTERISK (*) on numeric keypad Display all subfolders under the selected folder
NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN (+) on numeric keypad Display the contents of the selected folder
NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN (-) on numeric keypad Collapse the selected folder
LEFT ARROW Collapse the current selection (if it is expanded), or select the parent folder
ALT+LEFT ARROW View the previous folder
RIGHT ARROW Display the current selection (if it is collapsed), or select the first subfolder
ALT+RIGHT ARROW View the next folder
CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
ALT+D Select the Address bar

Windows Sidebar keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Sidebar.

Windows logo key +SPACEBAR Bring all gadgets to the front and select Sidebar
Windows logo key +G Cycle through Sidebar gadgets
TAB Cycle through Sidebar controls

Windows Photo Gallery keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Photo Gallery.

CTRL+F Open the Fix pane
CTRL+P Print the selected picture
ENTER View the selected picture at a larger size
CTRL+I Open or close the Details pane
CTRL+PERIOD (.) Rotate the picture clockwise
CTRL+COMMA (,) Rotate the picture counter-clockwise
F2 Rename the selected item
CTRL+E Search for an item
ALT+LEFT ARROW Go back
ALT+RIGHT ARROW Go forward
PLUS SIGN (+) Zoom in or resize the picture thumbnail
MINUS SIGN (-) Zoom out or resize the picture thumbnail
CTRL+Mouse scroll wheel Change the size of the picture thumbnail
CTRL+B Best fit
LEFT ARROW Select the previous item
DOWN ARROW Select the next item or row
UP ARROW Previous item (Easel) or previous row (Thumbnail)
PAGE UP Previous screen
PAGE DOWN Next screen
HOME Select the first item
END Select the last item
DELETE Move the selected item to the Recycle Bin
SHIFT+DELETE Permanently delete the selected item
LEFT ARROW Collapse node
RIGHT ARROW Expand node
Keyboard shortcuts for working with videos
J Move back one frame
K Pause the playback
L Move forward one frame
I Set the start trim point
O Set the end trim point
M Split a clip
HOME Stop and rewind all the way back to the start trim point
ALT+RIGHT ARROW Advance to the next frame
ALT+LEFT ARROW Go back to the previous frame
CTRL+K Stop and rewind playback
CTRL+P Play from the current location
HOME Move the start trim point
END Move to the end trim point
PAGE UP Seek to nearest split point before the current location
PAGE DOWN Seek to nearest split point after the current location

Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer.

ALT+C Display the Table of Contents
ALT+N Display the Connection Settings menu
F10 Display the Options menu
ALT+LEFT ARROW Move back to the previously viewed topic
ALT+RIGHT ARROW Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic
ALT+A Display the customer support page
ALT+HOME Display the Help and Support home page
HOME Move the to beginning of a topic
END Move to the end of a topic
CTRL+F Search the current topic
CTRL+P Print a topic
F3 Move to the Search box

See also

Internet Explorer keyboard shortcuts

Windows Mail keyboard shortcuts

Create keyboard shortcuts to open programs

Microsoft KMS Activation Technology

Source ss64,com, MSBlog

Office Deployment Support Team Blog

How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances

Source: TheWindowsClub.com written by View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS

View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS with slmgr.vbs

slmgr – Software Licensing Management Tool | Windows CMD | SS64.com

External articles: WindowsITPro.com

slmgr.vbs (Windows7/2008)

Software Licensing Management Tool. Windows Activation and Key Management Service (KMS)

Syntax
      slmgr [MachineName [Username Password]] [Option]
Key
  machinename   The machine to administer, by default the current local machine.

  username      An administrator equivalent user account for the remote computer.

  password      The password for the user account on the remote computer.

   /ato   Activate Windows license and product key against Microsoft's server.

   /atp Confirmation_ID   Activate Windows with user-provided Confirmation ID 

   /ckms  Clear the name of KMS server used to default and port to default.

   /cpky  Clear product key from the registry (prevents disclosure attacks)

   /dli   Display the current license information with activation
          status and partial product key.

   /dlv   Verbose, similar to -dli but with more information.

   /dti   Display Installation ID for offline activation

   /ipk Key  Enter a new product key supplied as xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx 

   /ilc License_file   Install license

   /rilc               Re-install system license files

   /rearm Reset the evaluation period/licensing status and activation state of the machine

   /skms activationservername:port 
          Set the Volume Licensing KMS server and/or the port used for KMS activation
          (where supported by your Windows edition)

   /skhc  Enable KMS host caching (default), this blocks the use of DNS priority and
          weight after the initial discovery of a working KMS host.
          If the system can no longer contact the working KMS host, discovery will be attempted again.

   /ckhc  Disable KMS host caching. This setting instructs the client to use DNS auto-discovery
          each time it attempts KMS activation (recommended when using priority and weight)

   /sai interval 
          Sets the interval in minutes for unactivated clients to attempt KMS connection.
          The activation interval must be between 15 minutes and 30 days, although the default (2 hours)
          is recommended.
          The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS
          setting after the first KMS response has been received.

   /sri interval
          Sets the renewal interval in minutes for activated clients to attempt KMS connection.
          The renewal interval must be between 15 minutes and 30 days.
          This option is set initially on both the KMS server and client sides.
          The default is 10080 minutes (7 days).

   /spri  Set the KMS priority to normal (default).
   /cpri  Set the KMS priority to low.
          Use this option to minimize contention from KMS in a co-hosted environment.
          Note that this could lead to KMS starvation, depending on what other applications
          or server roles are active. Use with care.

   /sprt port
          Sets the port on which the KMS host listens for client activation requests. The default TCP port is 1688.

   /sdns  Enable DNS publishing by the KMS host (default).
   /cdns  Disable DNS publishing by the KMS host.

   /upk   Uninstall current installed product key and return license status back to trial state.

   /xpr   Show the expiry date of current license (if not permanently activated)

Token-based activation:
   /lil   List the installed token-based activation issuance licenses.

   /ril ILID ILvID
	       Remove an installed token-based activation issuance license.

   /stao  Set the Token-based Activation Only flag, disabling automatic KMS activation.
   /ctao  Clear the Token-based Activation Only flag (default), enabling automatic KMS activation.
   /ltc   List valid token-based activation certificates that can activate installed software.
   /fta Certificate Thumbprint [PIN]
          Force token-based activation using the identified certificate.
          The optional personal identification number (PIN) is provided to unlock the private
          key without a PIN prompt when using certificates that are protected by hardware
          (for example, smart cards).

All actions (other than displaying status) require elevated administrator privileges.
Slmgr.vbs script is not intended to work across platforms i.e. between Vista and Windows 7

Examples

C:> cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs wkstn64 administrator pa55w0rd1 -dli

C:> cscript slmgr.vbs -skms 192.168.10.1:8090

C:> cscript slmgr.vbs -skms KMSServer:8090

“One resolution I have made, and try always to keep, is this: To rise above little things” ~ John Burroughs

Related:

SLUI – Software Licensing (Windows Activation) SLUI.exe 3 XXXXX.XXXXXX.XXXXXX.XXXXX
Activation Error Codes – TechNet
CERTREQ – Request certificate from a certification authority
WINVER – Display Licence Activation status
Q921471 – Activation fails when you try to activate Windows Vista, Windows 7…
PERMS – Show permissions for a user
SYSTEMINFO – List system configuration

Source: Windows Server 2012 KMS Service Activation | Working Hard In IT

Edited with additional notes and re-post of a MS Blog article.

// //

// // // <![CDATA[
var amznKeys = amznads.getKeys();
if (typeof amznKeys != “undefined” && amznKeys != “”) { for (var i =0; i // // // // //

Now we have the Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 OS in my environment and Volume Licenses, I will need to update our KMS Server to the latest version.In our case it is running on Windows Server 2008 R2.

Install the following update: An update is available for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 KMS hosts to support Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 as described in KB2691586. This is also the place where you can request this hotfix.  If you don’t install this hotfix registering a Windows Server 2012  KMS will throw an Error: 0xC004F050 The Software Licensing Service reported that the product key is invalid

Request the hotfix and install it from an elevated command prompt.

image

Once you’ve clicked OK the installation will start

image

After that’s finished you will be asked to restart the server. Do so. Just restarting the KMS service (“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) doesn’t suffice.

image

Now we have that out the way we can start putting our brand new KMS key into action.

Let’s take a look at what is already running:

slmgr.vbs /dlv => clearly the Windows 2008 R KMS key
image

Uninstall the current KMS key using slmgr.vbs /upk, please use an elevated command prompt

image

Now you can install the new KMS key.

slmgr.vbs /ipk xxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxxx-xxxxx

image

Now activate your brandnew KMS key running slmgr.vbs /ato

image

Show what’s up and running now by running slmgr.vbs /dlv again and as you can see we’re in business to activate all our Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 hosts.

image

Notes:

SLMGR /UPK may be necessary in some organisations. Without this the new key wouldn’t activate.

 

The KMS key activates:
•Windows Server 2008 R2
•Windows Server 2008
•Windows 8
•Windows Server 2012
•Windows 7
•Windows Vista

There is no requirement to have any W2K12/Windows 8. So it doesn’t matter, you can do that update, never even install a new KMS activation key and even if you do never activate any Windows Server 2012 / Windows 8. Even if that counter is reset doens’t matter either. The moment you reach the required number it just starts counting again.There is nothing dangerous or magic about that counter bar from people’s tendency to sit around watching it count. KMS if done well is set en forget until a new OS arrives and that you just update the KMS host. Nothing to worry about and if you have Volume Licensing so Microsoft support will help you when in doubt. KMS is loose that you could blow it up and take weeks to set up a new one, meanwhile
the company will keep running. All of this very well documented http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793418.aspx and here’s the entry point for all Volume activation info http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff719787.aspx

 

Server VL VOLUME_KMS_2012_C_channel activates:

Windows Vista Business
Windows Vista Enterprise
Windows 7 Professional
Windows 7 Enterprise
Windows 8 Professional
Windows 8 Enterprise
Windows 2008 (all editions)
Windows 2008 R2 (all editions)
Windows Server 2012 (all editions)

Activation on the Enterprise client machines- Open cmd prompt and enter: slmgr.vbs /ato

 How to install the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 – Office Deployment Support Team Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

How to install the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012

Source: Office Deployment Support Team Blog
by Eric Ellis
1/7/2013 UPDATE: The “Product activation failed” error that can occur when attempting to perform a phone activation of an Office 2010 KMS host installed on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 machines has been addressed in the latest release of the KeyManagementServiceHost*.exe file, which can be found in the link below.12/4/2012 UPDATE: This issue has been addressed in the latest version of the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack, which can be found at the link below.

Microsoft is working on an update for the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack which will allow it to be successfully installed on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 machines.

All of the steps below are no longer required as of 1/7/2013. See related note above in red, bold text.

In the meantime, the following steps can be used to work around the issue:

1) Download the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=169244)
2) Run the downloaded KeyManagementServiceHost.exe file to extract files that it contains. Ignore the “Unsupported operating system” error that occurs and click OK.
3) Press the Enter key to close the command window that is related to cscript.exe.
3) Browse to the %programfiles% or %programfiles(x86)% folder and navigate to the MSECacheOfficeKMS subfolder. If you installed the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack on a 64-bit operating system, %programfiles% is the Program Files (x86) folder.
4) Rename the existing kms_host.vbs file to kms_host.old
5) Download the kms_host.zip file from the Office Deployment Support Team’s SkyDrive share at http://sdrv.ms/RiZ8Q9.
6) Extract the kms_host.vbs file from the zip file and place a copy of it in the %programfiles(x86)%MSECacheOfficeKMS or %programfiles%MSECacheOfficeKMS folder.

7) From an elevated command-prompt navigate to the %programfiles(x86)%MSECacheOfficeKMS or %programfiles%MSECacheOfficeKMS folder and run the following command:

cscript kms_host.vbs

7) If the KMS host machine has Internet connectivity, click Yes to enter the Office KMS host product key and activate online. Otherwise, click No, and press Enter to close the command window.

Open an elevated command prompt and run the following command line to check the installation, licensing state, and current status of the Office KMS host:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

See the following articles for additional information related to Office KMS host installation, activation, and troubleshooting:

Deploy volume activation of Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624357.aspx

Troubleshoot volume activation for Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624355.aspx

Office Deployment Support Team Blog, “Office 2010 KMS installation and troubleshooting”
http://blogs.technet.com/b/odsupport/archive/2010/06/01/office-2010-kms-installation-and-troubleshooting.aspx

Source: Windows Blogs

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} catch(e) { };
// ]]>// // // // How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances – Office Deployment Support Team Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

External MS Blog post

How to discover Office and Windows KMS hosts via DNS and remove unauthorized instances

 Eric Ellis [MSFT] Eric Ellis [MSFT]
When troubleshooting KMS configuration and activation issues, our customers are often surprised to find unexpected Windows or Office KMS hosts in their environment.By default, Windows and Office clients discover KMS hosts via DNS and a related _vlmcs SRV record. To determine whether a KMS client can locate a KMS host and/or whether undesired KMS hosts exist on the network, run a command line similar to the following:

nslookup -type=srv _vlmcs._tcp >%temp%kms.txt

Review the kms.txt file. It should contain one or more entries similar to the following:

_vlmcs._tcp.contoso.com                            SRV service location:
priority       = 0
weight       = 0
port            = 1688
svr hostname   = kms-server.contoso.com

Running this nslookup command frequently reveals _vlmcs SRV entries which are tied to unauthorized Windows or Office KMS hosts.

In many cases, Windows KMS hosts may have been unintentionally set up by users who mistakenly entered a KMS host product key, rather than a Windows client product key. To remedy this issue, perform the following steps on the machine(s) in question, to replace the KMS product group key and “convert” it to a KMS or MAK client:

1) Open an elevated command prompt.
2) Run a command similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /ipk xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx   (where xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx is a 25 digit, Windows product key)

3) To prevent instability in the license service, the system should be restarted or the Software Protection Service should be restarted. The following command lines can be used to restart the Software Protection Service:

net stop sppsvc
net start sppsvc

4) Run a command line similar to the following to display the license information for the installed, active Windows edition:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dli

5) Using DNS Manager, in the appropriate forward lookup zone, delete the _vlmcs SRV records that exist for each machine which is not to serve as a Windows KMS host.
6) See the following articles for additional information:

Slmgr.vbs Options
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793433.aspx

Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Customer Hosted Volume Activation Guide / Deploying KMS Activation
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff793409.aspx

Unintentional creation of an Office KMS host is less common, because setting up an Office KMS requires a specific product key and the installation of the Microsoft Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack.

To determine whether a machine has the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack installed and is an active Office KMS host, run a command line similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

The output of a machine which has the Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack installed will resemble the following. Key items are “Partial Product Key: GB7AH” and “License Status: Licensed“, which indicate that the Office 2010 KMS host key is successfully installed and activated.

Name: Microsoft Office 2010, KMSHost edition
Description: Microsoft Office 2010 KMS, VOLUME_KMS channel
Activation ID: bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864
Application ID: 59a52881-a989-479d-af46-f275c6370663
Extended PID: 55041-00096-199-000004-03-1033-7600.0000-3632009
Installation ID: 008523674214771124199799184000850026888810090415321136
Processor Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88342
Machine Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88343
Use License URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88345
Product Key Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=88344
Partial Product Key: GB7AH
License Status: Licensed
Remaining Windows rearm count: 1
Trusted time: 10/16/2011 2:07:42 PMKey Management Service is enabled on this computer
Current count: 0
Listening on Port: 1688
DNS publishing enabled
KMS priority: Normal

Perform the following steps to remove an Office KMS host in your environment:

1) Open an elevated command prompt.
2) Run a command similar to the following:

cscript slmgr.vbs /upk bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

 CAUTION: If the above command line is run without the Office activation ID (“bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864”), all installed product keys are uninstalled, including those for Windows.

3) Run following command line again, to check the status of the Office KMS host:

cscript slmgr.vbs /dlv bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864

4) If the Office KMS host product key has been removed, the output will be similar to that below. Key items are “This license is not in use” and “License Status: Unlicensed“.

Name: Microsoft Office 2010, KMSHost edition
Description: Microsoft Office 2010 KMS, VOLUME_KMS channel
Activation ID: bfe7a195-4f8f-4f0b-a622-cf13c7d16864
Application ID: 59a52881-a989-479d-af46-f275c6370663
Extended PID:
Installation ID:
Processor Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88342
Machine Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88343
Use License URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88345
Product Key Certificate URL: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=88344
This license is not in use.
License Status: Unlicensed
Remaining Windows rearm count: 1
Trusted time: 8/16/2011 7:49:23 AM

5) Using DNS Manager, in the appropriate forward lookup zone, delete the _vlmcs SRV records that exist for each machine which is not to serve as an Office KMS host.
6) See the following articles for additional information:

Deploy volume activation of Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624357.aspx

Troubleshoot volume activation for Office 2010
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee624355.aspx

Source Office IT Blog: Migrate an Office 2013 KMS host from the command line or the UI

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// ]]>// // // // // // Migrate an Office 2013 KMS host from the command line or the UI – Office IT Pro Blog – Site Home – TechNet Blogs

You can find the basics for Office KMS host migration at  Migrate an Office 2010 KMS host. For Office 2013, there is a new Microsoft Office 2013
KMS Host License Pack
and activation ID. And if the migrated Office 2013 KMS host will be running on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012, you can also set
up and activate the KMS host by using the Windows UI.To migrate an Office 2013 KMS host

1. Uninstall the Office 2013 KMS host key by running the following command:

cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /upk 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

2. Delete the record from the Domain Name System (DNS):

a. Open the DNS console.

b. Expand the _tcp node under domain.com.

c. Delete the _VLMCS record.

After you do this, the Office 2013 KMS host is uninstalled.

3. On the Microsoft Office 2013 KMS Host License Pack website, download and then run office2013volumelicensepack_en-us_x86.exe on the new server.
You are then prompted to enter the product key, and the Office 2013 KMS host will try to become activated. If the activation fails, do the following:

a. On the new server, re-install the product key for the Office 2013 KMS host by running the following command from an elevated prompt:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /ipk [ProductKey]

b. Activate the Office 2013 KMS host by running the following command from an elevated prompt:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /ato 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

Note: For a complete list of slmgr.vbs commands for Office KMS host activation, see Prepare and configure the Office KMS host.

4. After activation is complete, restart the Software Licensing Service and verify in the DNS that the record is created for the new KMS host server. For more information about how to configure DNS for the KMS host, see Understanding KMS.

5. To verify that the Office 2013 KMS host is configured correctly, check the KMS activation request count to see whether it is increasing. On the KMS host,
the current count is displayed when you run the following command:
cscript C:windowssystem32slmgr.vbs /dlv 2E28138A-847F-42BC-9752-61B03FFF33CD

You can also check the Key Management Service log in the Applications and Services Logs folder, which is where activation requests from KMS clients are recorded, for the 12290 events. Each event displays the name of the computer and the time-stamp of the activation request.

To activate an Office 2013 KMS host that is running on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012, you can also use the Windows UI. For more information, see Volume activation methods in Office 2013 and Volume Activation Overview.

 

View Licensing Status and Activation ID of your Windows OS with slmgr.vbs

Source: TheWindowsClub.com written by

Anand Khanse aka HappyAndyK is an end-user Windows enthusiast, a Microsoft MVP in Windows, since 2006, and the Admin of TheWindowsClub.com. Please create a System Restore Point before trying out any software & be careful about any third-party offers while installing freeware. Add me on Google+.

RECOMMENDED: Click here to fix Windows errors and optimize system performance

Windows Software Licensing Management Tool, slmgr.vbs is a command line licensing tool. It is a visual basic script used to configure licensing in Windows and also helps you see the licensing status of your Windows 7 or Windows 8 installation.

Activation is the initial process by which a Windows running on a PC is determined to be properly licensed and genuine, and it’s really quick and easy. It is different from Registration, in the sense that, Activation is the process of ensuring that your copy of Windows is used according to the Microsoft Software License Terms, whereas registration is the process of entering information to sign up for product support, tools and tips, and other product benefits.

View Licensing Status & Activation ID

To see the licensing status of your Windows 7 or Windows 8 installation, open the Run box, type the following and hit Enter:

slmgr.vbs /dlv

The following dialog box will appear.

To get all the Activation IDs for the installed version of Windows, open the Run box, type the following and hit Enter:

slmgr.vbs /dlv al

Because of WMI changes in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, the Slmgr.vbs script is not intended to work across platforms. Using Slmgr.vbs to manage a Windows 8, Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 system from the Windows Vista operating system is not supported.

If you are looking for more Slmgr.vbs Options visit TechNet.

Troubleshooting Windows 7 Activation States may also interest you!

Go here to find out how to check the activation status & type of Microsoft Office.

Related Posts:

 

Error Codes:

Source: Microsoft Website

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 10 provides troubleshooting help for problems that occur when activating volume editions of Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 operating systems.

Table 10. Error codes and descriptions

Error code Error message Activation type Possible cause Troubleshooting steps
0xC004C001 The activation server determined the specified product key is invalid MAK An invalid MAK was entered. Verify that the key is the MAK provided by Microsoft.Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center to verify that the MAK is valid.
0xC004C003 The activation server determined the specified product key has been blocked MAK The MAK is blocked on the activation server. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center to obtain a new MAK and install/activate the system.
0xC004C008 The activation server reported that the product key has exceeded its unlock limit. KMS The KMS key has exceeded the activation limit. KMS host keys will activate up to 10 times on six different computers. If more activations are necessary, contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004C020 The activation server reported that the Multiple Activation Key has exceeded its limit. MAK The MAK has exceeded the activation limit. MAKs by design have a limited number of activations. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004C021 The activation server reported that the Multiple Activation Key extension limit has been exceeded. MAK The MAK has exceeded the activation limit. MAKs by design have a limited number of activations. Contact the Microsoft Activation Call Center.
0xC004F009 The Software Protection Service reported that the grace period expired. MAK The grace period expired before the system was activated. Now, the system is in the Notifications state. See the section “User Experience.”
0xC004F00F The Software Licensing Server reported that the hardware ID binding is beyond level the of tolerance. MAK/KMS client/KMS host The hardware has changed or the drivers were updated on the system. MAK: Reactivate the system during the OOT grace period using either online or phone activation.KMS: Restart, or run slmgr.vbs /ato.
0xC004F014 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is not available MAK/KMS client No product keys are installed on the system. Install a MAK product key, or install a KMS Setup key found in sourcesProduct.ini on the installation media.
0xC004F02C The Software Protection Service reported that the format for the offline activation data is incorrect. MAK/KMS client The system has detected that the data entered during phone activation is not valid. Verify that the CID is correctly entered.
0xC004F038 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The count reported by your Key Management Service (KMS) is insufficient. Please contact your system administrator. KMS client The count on the KMS host is not high enough. The KMS count must be ≥5 for Windows Server or ≥25 for Windows client. More computers are needed in the KMS pool for KMS clients to activate. Run Slmgr.vbs /dli to get the current count on the KMS host.
0xC004F039 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The Key Management Service (KMS) is not enabled. KMS client This error occurs when a KMS request is not answered. Troubleshoot the network connection between the KMS host and the client. Make sure that TCP port 1688 (default) is not blocked by a firewall or otherwise filtered.
0xC004F041 The Software Licensing Service determined that the Key Management Service (KMS) is not activated. KMS needs to be activated. Please contact system administrator. KMS client The KMS host is not activated. Activate the KMS host with either online or phone activation.
0xC004F042 The Software Protection Service determined that the specified Key Management Service (KMS) cannot be used. KMS client Mismatch between the KMS client and the KMS host. This error occurs when a KMS client contacts a KMS host that cannot activate the client software. This can be common in mixed environments that contain application and operating system-specific KMS hosts, for example.
0xC004F050 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is invalid. KMS, KMS client, MAK This can be caused by a typo in the KMS key or by typing in a Beta key on a Released version of the operating system. Install the appropriate KMS key on the corresponding version of Windows. Check the spelling. If the key is being copied and pasted, make sure that em dashes have not been substituted for the dashes in the key.
0xC004F051 The Software Protection Service reported that the product key is blocked. MAK/KMS The product key on the activation server is blocked by Microsoft. Obtain a new MAK/KMS key, install it on the system, and activate.
0xC004F074 The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. No Key Management Service (KMS) could be contacted. Please see the Application Event Log for additional information. KMS Client All KMS host systems  returned an error. Troubleshoot errors from each event ID 12288 associated with the activation attempt.
0xC004F06C The Software Protection Service reported that the computer could not be activated. The Key Management Service (KMS) determined that the request timestamp is invalid. KMS client The system time on the client computer is too different from the time on the KMS host. Time sync is important to system and network security for a variety of reasons. Fix this issue by changing the system time on the client to sync with the KMS. Use of a Network Time Protocol (NTP) time source or Active Directory Domain Services for time synchronization is recommended. This issue uses UTP time and is independent of Time Zone selection.
0x80070005 Access denied. The requested action requires elevated privileges. KMS client/MAK/KMS host User Account Control (UAC) prohibits activation processes from running in a non-elevated command prompt. Run slmgr.vbs from an elevated command prompt. Right-click cmd.exe, and then click Run as Administrator.
0x8007232A DNS server failure. KMS host The system has network or DNS issues. Troubleshoot network and DNS.
0x8007232B DNS name does not exist. KMS client The KMS client cannot find KMS SRV RRs in DNS.If a KMS host does not exist on the network, a MAK should be installed. Confirm that a KMS host has been installed and DNS publishing is enabled (default).If DNS is unavailable, point the KMS client to the KMS host by using slmgr.vbs /skms <kms_host_name>.

Optionally, obtain and install a MAK; then, activate the system.

Finally, troubleshoot DNS.

0x800706BA The RPC server is unavailable. KMS client Firewall settings are not configured on the KMS host, or DNS SRV records are stale. Ensure the Key Management Service firewall exception is enabled on the KMS host computer.Ensure that SRV records point to a valid KMS host.

Troubleshoot network connections.

0x8007251D No records found for given DNS query. KMS client The KMS client cannot find KMS SRV RRs in DNS. Troubleshoot network connections and DNS.

See also

 

 

WMI Properties and Methods for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft Website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 12 lists WMI properties and methods for the Software Protection Platform. Software Protection Platform properties are defined in the file %WinDir%System32wbemsppwmi.mof.

Table 12. Software protection platform WMI properties and methods

//properties SoftwareLicensingService Class
Version Version of the Software Protection Service
KeyManagementServiceMachine The name of the KMS host. Returns null if SetKeyManagementServiceMachine has not been called.
KeyManagementServicePort The TCP port used by clients to send KMS activation requests. Returns 0 if SetKeyManagementServicePort has not been called.
IsKeyManagementServiceMachine Indicates whether KMS is enabled on the computer: 0 if false, 1 if true.
VLActivationInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host before the client is licensed.
VLRenewalInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host after the client is licensed.
KeyManagementServiceCurrentCount The count of currently active KMS clients on the KMS host. -1 indicates that the host is not enabled as a KMS or has not received any client licensing requests.
RequiredClientCount The minimum number of clients required to connect to a KMS host in order to enable Volume Licensing.
PolicyCacheRefreshRequired Indicates whether the licensing policy cache needs to be updated: 0=not required, 1=Refresh required.
ClientMachineID The globally unique identifier (GUID) that identifies a KMS client to a KMS host. The client includes this in requests it sends to the KMS.
RemainingWindowsReArmCount Remaining number of times the client can be rearmed successfully.
KeyManagementServiceListeningPort The TCP port the KMS host uses to listen for activation requests.
KeyManagementServiceDnsPublishing Indicates the DNS publishing status of a KMS host: 0=Disabled, 1=Auto-publish enabled (default).
KeyManagementServiceLowPriority Indicates the thread priority status of KMS service: 0=Normal Priority (default), 1=Low priority.
KeyManagementServiceHostCaching Indicates the caching status of KMS host name and port: 0=Caching disabled, 1=Caching enabled (default).
KeyManagementServiceUnlicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=0 (Unlicensed).
KeyManagementServiceLicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=1 (Licensed).
KeyManagementServiceOOBGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=2 (OOBGrace).
KeyManagementServiceOOTGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=3 (OOTGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNonGenuineGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=4 (NonGenuineGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNotificationRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=5 (Notification).
KeyManagementServiceTotalRequests The total count of valid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceFailedRequests The count of invalid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceActivationDisabled Indicates whether the volume activation through KMS is disabled.
//methods SoftwareLicensingService Class
InstallProductKey Installs a product key.
InstallLicense Installs a license.
InstallLicensePackage Installs a license package for the current product.
SetKeyManagementServiceMachine Sets the KMS host name to use for volume activation.
ClearKeyManagementServiceMachine Clears any previously configured KMS host name.
SetKeyManagementServicePort Sets the TCP port used by a client to make requests of a KMS host. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServicePort Clears any previously specified port number.
SetVLActivationInterval The activation frequency, in minutes, of how often KMS clients will contact the KMS host before they become licensed. The frequency must be ≥15 and ≤43,200. An error is returned if the method is called and the computer is not a KMS.
SetVLRenewalInterval The renewal frequency, in minutes, of how often KMS clients will contact the KMS host after they have become licensed. The frequency must be ≥15 and ≤43,200. An error is returned if the method is called and the computer is not a KMS.
ClearProductKeyFromRegistry Clears product key from the registry.
AcquireGenuineTicket Perform online Genuine Validation. Calling this method may change the Genuine status of the computer.
ReArmWindows Resets the licensing status of the computer to OOB Grace (see LicenseStatus).

Note
You must restart the client for the changes to take effect.
RefreshLicenseStatus Updates the licensing status of Windows so that applications have access to current licensing information.
SetKeyManagementServiceListeningPort Sets the TCP port used by a KMS host to listen for activation requests. Applies to KMS hosts only. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServiceListeningPort Clears any previously specified listening port. Applies to KMS hosts only.
DisableKeyManagementServiceDnsPublishing Enable/disable DNS Publishing on a KMS host computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
EnableKeyManagementServiceLowPriority Enable/disable KMS service running with low priority: 0=Disable, 1=Enable.
DisableKeyManagementServiceHostCaching Enable/disable the caching of the KMS host name and port on a volume activation client computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
DisableKeyManagementServiceActivation Enable/disable volume activation through a KMS computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachineName Last discovered KMS host name through DNS.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachinePort Last discovered KMS host port through DNS.
GenerateActiveDirectoryOfflineActivationId Generates an installation ID for use in Active Directory activation using the specified product key.
DepositActiveDirectoryOfflineActivationConfirmation Processes an installation ID, a confirmation ID, and ActivationObjectName to generate and publish the activation object in Active Directory.
DoActiveDirectoryOnlineActivation Performs online activation of Active Directory using a specified product key.
SetVLActivationTypeEnabled Sets the activation method.
ClearVLActivationTypeEnabled Clears previously specified activation method.
//properties SoftwareLicensingProduct Class
ID Product identifier
Name Product name
Description Product description
ApplicationID ID of current product’s application
ProcessorURL Software licensing server URL for the process certificate
MachineURL Software licensing server URL for the binding certificate
ProductKeyURL Software licensing server URL for the product certificate
UseLicenseURL Software licensing server URL for the user license
LicenseStatus License status of this product’s application:0=Unlicensed,

1=Licensed,

2=OOBGrace,

3=OOTGrace,

4=NonGenuineGrace,

5=Notification,

6=ExtendedGrace

LicenseStatusReason A diagnostic code that indicates why a computer is in a specific licensing state.
GracePeriodRemaining Remaining time in minutes before the parent application goes into Notification mode. For volume clients, this is the remaining time before reactivation is required.
EvaluationEndDate The expiration date of this product’s application. After this date, the LicenseStatus will be Unlicensed and cannot be activated.
OfflineInstallationId An identifier for this product’s application that can be used for telephone or offline activation. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
PartialProductKey Last five characters of this product’s key. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
ProductKeyID Product key ID. Returns null if a product key is not installed.
LicenseFamily The family identifier for the SKU used to determine license relationships for add-ons.
LicenseDependsOn The dependency identifier for the family of SKUs used to determine license relationships for add-ons.
LicenseIsAddon Returns True if the product is identified as an add-on license.
VLActivationInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host before the product is licensed.
VLRenewalInterval The frequency, in minutes, of how often a client will contact the KMS host after the product is licensed.
KeyManagementServiceProductKeyID KMS product key ID. Returns null if not applicable.
KeyManagementServiceMachine The name of the KMS host. Returns null if SetKeyManagementServiceMachine has not been called.
KeyManagementServicePort The TCP port used by clients to send KMS activation requests. Returns 0 if SetKeyManagementServicePort has not been called.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachineName Last discovered KMS host name through DNS.
DiscoveredKeyManagementServiceMachinePort Last discovered KMS host port through DNS.
IsKeyManagementServiceMachine Indicates if KMS is enabled on the computer: 1 if true, 0 if false.
KeyManagementServiceCurrentCount The count of currently active KMS clients on the KMS host. -1 indicates that the computer is not enabled as a KMS or has not received any client licensing requests.
RequiredClientCount The minimum number of clients required to connect to a KMS host in order to enable Volume Licensing.
KeyManagementServiceUnlicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=0 (Unlicensed).
KeyManagementServiceLicensedRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=1 (Licensed).
KeyManagementServiceOOBGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=2 (OOBGrace).
KeyManagementServiceOOTGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=3 (OOTGrace).
KeyManagementServiceNonGenuineGraceRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=4 (NonGenuineGrace).
KeyManagementServiceTotalRequests The total count of valid KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceFailedRequests The count of failed KMS requests.
KeyManagementServiceNotificationRequests The count of KMS requests from clients with License Status=5 (Notification).
GenuineStatus Genuine status for this product’s application.
ExtendedGrace Extended grace time in minutes before the parent application becomes unlicensed.
TrustedTime Displays the currently stored trusted time in the system.
DisableKeyManagementServiceHostCaching Enable/disable the caching of the KMS host name and port on a volume activation client computer: 0=Enable, 1=Disable.
VLActivationType Defines the activation type used for the last successful client activation: 1=Active Directory, 2=KMS, 3=Token. If blank, the client was never activated.
VLActivationTypeEnabled Activation type configured for the volume licensing client: 1=Active Directory, 2=KMS, 3=Token. If blank or 0, all activation types are configured.
ADActivationObjectName Name of the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationObjectDN The fully qualified distinguished name of the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationCsvlkPid The CSVLK PID that is in the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
ADActivationCsvlkSkuId The CSVLK SKU ID that is in the activation object used for the last Active Directory activation.
// methods SoftwareLicensingProduct Class
UninstallProductKey Uninstalls a product key for the current product.
Activate Activates the current product.
DepositOfflineConfirmationId Activates a product by depositing an Offline Confirmation Identifier for this product when performing telephone or offline activation.
GetPolicyInformationDWord Gets license policy information of type DWORD.
GetPolicyInformationString Gets policy information of type string.
SetKeyManagementServiceMachine Sets the KMS host name to use for volume activation.
ClearKeyManagementServiceMachine Clears any previously configured KMS host name.
SetKeyManagementServicePort Sets the TCP port used by a client to make requests of a KMS host. If not specified, port 1688 is used.
ClearKeyManagementServicePort Clears any previously specified port number.
SetVLActivationTypeEnabled Sets the configured activation method for the volume licensing client.
ClearVLActivationTypeEnabled Clears any previously specified activation method configured for the volume licensing client.

See also

 

KMS Activation Timing and Discovery for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

On this page

KMS activation timing

KMS activation timing is controlled by two settings: the Activation and Renewal timers:

  • The KMS Activation Interval determines how often the KMS client attempts activation before it is activated. This value is set on the client by running slmgr.vbs /sai . See the sections “Slmgr.vbs Options” and “Registry Settings” for more information. Once a system contacts a KMS host, the KMS host setting will override the local client setting.
  • The KMS Renewal Interval determines how often the KMS client attempts reactivation with KMS, once it has been activated. This value can be set using slmgr /sri interval. The interval is set in minutes. The default value is 10,080 minutes (7 days). This value can be set on the client but will be overridden by the value that the KMS host provides.

In operation, the KMS client attempts to contact a KMS host on startup and again every Activation Interval minutes upon failure. By default, this happens every two hours. When KMS activation succeeds, the client receives and stores the KMS host’s Renewal Interval, and Windows activates for 180 days. Activation renewal operates as a sliding window, similar to a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) lease. The client is activated for 180 days but still attempts reactivation every Renewal Interval minutes—by default, 7 days. If it succeeds, the 180-day period is reset. If it fails, the system will watch for network changes or other qualifying events to trigger another attempt. After 15 minutes, the system stops monitoring for qualifying events but still attempts every Activation Interval minutes.

KMS discovery search order

When KMS auto-discovery is enabled (default) and KMS host caching is not disabled, KMS clients will use the following order to determine which KMS to use (they will try each step until an activated KMS host with the correct key responds):

  • SKU-specific value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformAppIDSKUIDKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • AppID-specific value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformAppIDKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • Global value in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformKeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ registry value
  • SKU-specific cached KMS host (This is the cached identity of the host used in the last successful KMS activation.)
  • DNS auto-discovery (weight and priority honored)

If a cached KMS does not respond, discovery is performed.

See also

Activation Policy Values for Volume Activation// // // // // // //

Activation Policy Values for Volume Activation

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Table 8 lists policy values for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

Table 8. Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 policy values

Element Client value Server value Range
Rearm limit 1000 1000 Not configurable
KMS Client Count Threshold 25 5 Not configurable
KMS Activation duration 180 days 180 days Not configurable
KMS host listening port 1688 1688 Any open TCP port
OOB Grace Not available Not available Not configurable
OOT Grace Not available Not available Not configurable
KMS client reactivation (in minutes) 10,080 minutes(7 days—default) 10,080 minutes(7 days—default) 15–43,200 minutes(30 days—default)
Silent KMS retry interval—occurs on KMS activation failure 120 minutes 120 minutes 15–43,200 minutes(120 minutes—default)

Registry Settings for Volume Activation

Source: Microsoft Website

Published: October 18, 2013

Updated: October 18, 2013

Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Registry settings

Table 3 describes the registry settings that Volume Activation supports.

Table 3. Registry settings

Value Type Description Scope
Registry subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatform
ActivationAlternateURL REG_SZ Optionally contains an administrator-provided URL. If this key is populated, some activation dialog boxes will include a new link — Learn About Activation Online — that opens in the default browser. All
DisableDnsPublishing REG_DWORD Set this to a non-zero value to block auto-publishing to DNS by the KMS host. KMS
DnsDomainPublishList REG_MULTI_SZ Format: domain_name, <priority>, <weight>Optionally contains a list of fully qualified domains that KMS uses to auto-publish its DNS service (SRV) record. The KMS home domain is always used, so it is not necessary to include it here. This depends on the DisableDnsPublishing value.

The priority and weight parameters are optional. If not supplied, these are set to 0 in the SRV record.

KMS
EnableKmsLowPriority REG_DWORD Set this to a non-zero value to minimize contention from KMS in a co-hosted environment. Note that on a busy system, this can prevent the KMS host from maintaining a sufficient count. KMS
KeyManagementServiceListeningPort REG_SZ Set this on the KMS host to force KMS to listen on the TCP port specified. The host uses TCP port 1688 if this value is not specified. KMS
KeyManagementServiceName REG_SZ Set this value to force the use of a specific KMS host by the KMS client. No default.If you specify both App-ID and SKU-ID, this is created in a subkey under which the value is stored:..SoftwareProtectionPlatformAPPID_GUIDSKUID_GUID KeyManagementServiceName

If you specify only App-ID, SKU-ID is not allowed, and the resulting key is: ..SoftwareProtectionAPPID_GUID KeyManagementServiceName

If you specify neither App-ID nor SKU-ID, the resulting key is: ..SoftwareProtectionPlatform

KMS client
KeyManagementServicePort REG_SZ Set this to force the use of a specific TCP port by the KMS client when it communicates with a KMS. The client uses port 1688 if this value is not specified. KMS client
KeyManagementServiceVersion REG_SZ Set this for Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM) 2005 automatic discovery of the KMS. Delete this value if the KMS is no longer functional on the computer. KMS
UserOperations REG_DWORD This value does not exist by default, and the default is 0, which requires elevation. Create this value and set it to 1 to enable standard users to install product keys and activate and rearm computers without requiring elevation.This setting can also be configured by GPOs, which are stored under the policies registry subkey. All (not just KMS)
VLActivationInterval REG_DWORD This is set initially on both KMS server and client sides. The default is 120 minutes (2 hours). The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS setting after it receives the first KMS response. The minimum value is 15 minutes, and the maximum is 43,200 minutes (30 days). KMS Client and Server
VLRenewalInterval REG_DWORD This is set initially on both KMS server and client sides. The default is 10,080 minutes (7 days). The KMS client initially picks up this interval from the registry but switches to the KMS setting after it receives the first KMS response. As a result, the client-side setting will never be used. The minimum value is 15 minutes, and the maximum is 43,200 minutes (30 days). KMS Client and Server
(APP-ID)(SKU-ID)VLActivationType REG_DWORD Limits the type of activation to a single type.1 = Active Directory activation only

2 = KMS activation only

3 = Token activation only

0, blank, or values other than 1-3 = all activation types allowed (default value)

[???]
Registry subkey: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionSoftwareProtectionPlatformActivation
Manual REG_DWORD 0 = Allow automatic online activation (default)1 = Disable auto-activation MAK and KMS host but not KMS client

See also

Source: WorkingHardInIT.Wordpress.com 

It’s a great day as Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 bits have gone GA (“General Availability”). So it’s of to the Volume License Servicing Center to get the bits and the keys.

Before we start the roll out we need to either bring up a Windows Server 2012 R2 (or Windows 8.1) KMS host or upgrade the existing one that runs Windows Server 2012 or lower. In this example our KMS Service is running on Windows Server 2008 R2 so we need to do a couple of things.

Install the following update: KB 2885698: Update adds support for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 clients to Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 8, and Windows Server 2012 KMS hosts (see Windows Server 2012 R2 & Windows 8.1 KMS Service Activation).  If you don’t install this hotfix registering a Windows Server 2012 R2 KMS key will throw an error:

0xc004f015: The Software Licensing Service reported that the license is not installed.
SL_E_PRODUCT_SKU_NOT_INSTALLED

So grab the hotfix and install it from an elevated command prompt. Just follow the instructions and you’ll be fine .

Once you’ve clicked “Yes” the installation will start

When the installation has finished you will be asked to restart the server. You need to do so. Just restarting the KMS service (“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) doesn’t seem to suffice.

When your server comes back up you’ll be ready to install and activate the Windows Server 2012 R2 KMS key.

First we take a look at the current situation:

slmgr.vbs /dlv => clearly the Windows 2012 KMS key

Uninstall the current KMS key using slmgr.vbs /upk, please use an elevated command prompt

Now you can install the new Windows 2012 R2 KMS key. If you run in to any issues here, restarting the KMS Service can help ((“net stop sppsvc” and “net start sppsvc“) . Try that first.

slmgr.vbs /ipk xxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx

Be patient, it’s not instantaneous.

The key listed here is for all you wannabe pirates out there, sorry, this is the navy. If you’re, looking for illegal keys, cracks, keygens, activators or dodgy KMS virtual machine for Windows 8.1 activation and such this is not the place.

You now need to activate your brand new KMS key running slmgr.vbs /ato

Show what’s up and running now by running slmgr.vbs /dlv again and as you can see we’re in business to activate all our Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 hosts. I’m happy to report that our users will be enjoying Windows 8.1 on the clients in 2014 & the infrastructure in the data center will be benefiting from the goodness Windows Server 2012 R2 brings.

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